Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Zeiformes
(Dories) > Zeidae
Etymology: Zeus: Derived from Greek Theos, Zeys = the supreme Greek god (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 35 - 200 m (Ref. 4253). Subtropical; 10°S - 36°S, 9°E - 43°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4253)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique (Ref. 5213) around the Cape to St. Helena Bay, South Africa.
Found near the bottom or in midwater. Feeds on a variety of fishes, cephalopods and crustaceans. An excellent foodfish. Sold fresh or frozen in markets.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C., 1984. Zeidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 5. FAO, Rome. [var. pag.]. (Ref. 3543)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7656 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00737 - 0.04096), b=2.96 (2.76 - 3.16), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (61 of 100) .