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Torpedo adenensis  Carvalho, Stehmann & Manilo, 2002

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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Torpediniformes (Electric rays) > Torpedinidae (Electric rays)
Etymology: Torpedo: Latin, torpere = be sluggish (Ref. 45335);  adenensis: Named for its type locality, the Gulf of Aden; an adjective.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 125 - 230 m (Ref. 83892).   Tropical

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 28 - 39.5 cm
Max length : 10.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83892); 39.0 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished from all congeners its unique dorsal coloration, uniform reddish-, rusty-, or orange-brown and no any distinctive spots, blotches, or reticulations. Further distinct in having the following characters: spiracles with few, knoblike, and somewhat inconspicuous spiracular papillae (at least in sexually mature or almost mature specimens); spiracles and eyes relatively close together (no large gap in between); base of first dorsal fin extending just posterior to level of pelvic fin axil (not entirely positioned over bases of pelvic fins); distance between second dorsal and caudal fin greater than distance between first and second dorsal fins; claspers with fleshy integumental flap in clasper glans region (Ref. 83892).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Carvalho, Marcelo | Collaborators

de Carvalho, M.R., M.F.W. Stehmann and L.G. Manilo, 2002. Torpedo adenensis, a new species of electric ray from the Gulf of Aden, with comments on nominal species of Torpedo from the western Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, and adjacent areas (Chondrichthyes: Torpediniformes: Torpedinidae). Amer. Mus. Nov. 3369:1-34. (Ref. 83892)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00778 - 0.03880), b=2.92 (2.72 - 3.12), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .