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Tropheus moorii  Boulenger, 1898

Blunthead cichlid
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Image of Tropheus moorii (Blunthead cichlid)
Tropheus moorii
Male picture by Hagblom, F.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Tropheus: Greek, tropaion = defeat, a memorial of a fighting war, trophy; because of their specialized teeth were such an obvious feeding adaptation (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Boulenger.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce benthopélagique; pH range: 8.0 - 9.0; dH range: 9 - 19.   Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 1672); 3°S - 9°S

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Endemic to Lake Tanganyika.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.5 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 5713); âge max. reporté: 10 années (Ref. 52198)

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Adults are solitary (Ref. 86760). Feed on worms, crustaceans, insects and plant matter (Ref. 7020). Females brood their young in the mouth (Ref. 86760). Aquarium keeping: feed on epiphyton; many females for one male; minimum aquarium size 150 cm (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Female lays only a few eggs. Female collects eggs up into her mouth before they sink to the bottom and then moves to the genital area of the male. There the sperm are shed and taken into the mouth of the female where fertilization takes place. Eggs hatch after about 4 weeks of incubation (Ref. 7020). Produces 5-17 eggs (Ref. 1672). In one study, eggs from the cleavage phase and larvae of up to 1.45 cm TL are mouthbrooded by female parents ranging from 6.2 to 7.9 cm SL long (Ref. 86760).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborateurs

Maréchal, C. and M. Poll, 1991. Tropheus. p. 521-525. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5713)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00700 - 0.03275), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (tmax=10; K >0.30; Fec=5-17).
Prior r = 0.51, 2 SD range = 0.22 - 1.17, log(r) = -0.67, SD log(r) = 0.41, Based on: 1 K, 1 tmax, 1 Fec records
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .