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Galeus melastomus  Rafinesque, 1810

Blackmouth catshark
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Native range
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Galeus melastomus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Élasmobranches (requins et raies) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae (Cat sharks)
Etymology: Galeus: Greek, galeos = a shark (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Rafinesque.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin démersal; profondeur 55 - 1873 m (Ref. 55744), usually 150 - 1200 m (Ref. 35388).   Deep-water; 64°N - 14°N, 19°W - 36°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Faeroe Islands and Trondheim, Norway southward to Senegal. Mediterranean Sea.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 64.7, range 56 - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 40637); 90.0 cm TL (female); common length : 50.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. ); poids max. publié: 1.4 kg (Ref. 40637)

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Depth range is reported at 55m-1200m in Ref. 9996. Found on the outer continental shelves and upper slopes. Feeds mainly on bottom invertebrates, including shrimps and cephalopods, but also on small pelagic bony fishes (lanternfishes) and other small elasmobranchs. Oviparous, with up to 13 eggs present in the oviducts at one time. Individuals from the Ionian Sea apparently reproduces from end of February to September and eggs are laid between 200 and 600 meters (Ref. 87978). Utilized fresh and dried-salted for human consumption, and for leather.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Oviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborateurs

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: intérêt commercial mineur
FAO(pêcheries: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 4.4 - 14.4, mean 10.3 (based on 708 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00263 (0.00218 - 0.00318), b=3.03 (2.97 - 3.09), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (57 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   High.