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Hipposcarus harid (Forsskål, 1775)

Candelamoa parrotfish
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Native range
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Hipposcarus harid   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Hipposcarus: Greek, ippos = horse + Latin, scarus = a fish cited by ancient writers; 1601 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Forsskål.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; non migrateur; profondeur 1 - 25 m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea south to Mozambique Channel, including Madagascar and Seychelles and east to Sri Lanka, Maldives and the Chagos Archipelago. Occurrence in Java, Indonesia as reported by Ref. 9710 needs verification.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 5490); common length : 35.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 5450); poids max. publié: 2.3 kg (Ref. 3488)

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits coastal regions associated with coral reefs and reef flats. Forms groups consisting of a terminal phased individual and numerous individuals in the initial phase (Ref. 9710). Feeds on benthic algae (Ref. 30573). Caught with nets and other artisanal gear. Mainly sold fresh.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Westneat, Mark | Collaborateurs

Bruce, R.W. and J.E. Randall, 1984. Scaridae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. (Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51). volume 3. [var. pag.] FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3488)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 September 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; Aquarium: Commercial
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.2 - 29.3, mean 28.5 (based on 3110 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00750 - 0.02425), b=3.03 (2.88 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   High.