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Trematochromis benthicola (Matthes, 1962)

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Trematochromis benthicola
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Trematochromis: Greek, trematos = hole + Greek, chromis, = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce benthopélagique; pH range: 7.4 - 8.4; dH range: 7 - 30.   Tropical; 23°C - 27°C (Ref. 13614); 3°S - 6°S

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: northern part of Lake Tanganyika (Ref. 4983).

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.5 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 4983)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 16 - 18; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 8-10; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 7 - 8. Body deep and moderately compressed (Ref. 57075). Presence of a thick sensory canal on the six infraorbitals, with large openings that are widely separated from each other (Ref. 57075). Unicuspid outer and inner teeth on both jaws; outer teeth arranged in a single regular row; inner teeth smaller than outer teeth, arranged in three to six irregular rows on anterior part of upper jaw (Ref. 57075). Presence of 2 scale rows between upper and lower lateral lines (Ref. 57075). Scales ctenoid on flank; cheek scaled; dorsal and anal fins with scales at base; caudal fin with small scales anteriorly on fin membranes between rays; paired fins without scales (Ref. 57075). Upper lateral line high on body with 21-25 scales, lower lateral line running along body axis with 11-16 scales, two pored scales anteriorly on caudal fin (Ref. 57075).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

The mouth is very protrusable which favor the idea of a planktonic diet (Ref. 7343).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Mouthbrooding by females.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborateurs

van Oijen, M.J.P., J. Snoeks, P.H. Skelton, C. Maréchal and G.G. Teugels, 1991. Haplochromis. p. 100-184. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 4983)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00703 - 0.03260), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .