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Brachyhypopomus bullocki Sullivan & Hopkins, 2009

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Brachyhypopomus bullocki
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Gymnotiformes (Knifefishes) > Hypopomidae (Bluntnose knifefishes)
Etymology: Brachyhypopomus: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, hypo = under + Greek, poma, -atos = cover (Ref. 45335);  bullocki: Named for Theodore Holmes Bullock, a pioneer of the comparative neurobiology of both invertebrates and vertebrates. neurobiology of both invertebrates and vertebrates.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce benthopélagique.   Tropical

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Orinoco basin in Venezuela and Colombia; rio Branco drainage in Guyana and Brazil, as well as in the upper rio Negro near the mouth of the rio Branco, but is not known from elsewhere in the Amazon system, or in the Guianas.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.1 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 81045)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Rayons mous anaux: 196 - 233. Can be distinguished by the following combination of features: elongated caudal filament reaching up to 45% TL in reproductive males; 6-11 wide, evenly spaced saddles of pigment over dorsum connecting to lateral bands; mesocoracoid bone present; large eye, 15.5-19.2% HL; short abdomen, usually with 12 pre-caudal vertebrae (range 11-13); poorly ossified third and fourth (outermost) branchiostegal rays, much enlarged distally, covering distal portions of the first two branchiostegal rays externally and contributing to bulbous appearance of opercular region (Ref. 81045).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits clear, shallow, standing water in open savanna, or savanna mixed with stands of Mauritia palm. Collected in the vegetation along the banks of small pools fed by steams. Occurs inactive during the day among the stems and roots of emergent grasses and sedges. Encountered only in very low conductivity water (<25 ?S/cm) where it usually co-inhabits with Brachyhypopomus brevirostris. The electric organ discharge waveform is biphasic, 0.9-1.6 milliseconds in duration, and the pulse rate ranges from 20 to 80 Hz (Ref. 81045).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Albert, James S. | Collaborateurs

Sullivan, J.P., 2009. Brachyhypopomus bullocki, a new species of electric knifefish (Gymnotiformes: Hypopomidae) from northern South America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. 158:183-192. (Ref. 81045)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .