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Phalloceros harpagos Lucinda, 2008

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Phalloceros harpagos
Picture by Maddern, M.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae (Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Phalloceros: Greek, phallos = penis + Greek, keras = horn (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce benthopélagique.   Tropical

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Rio Paraná-Paraguay basin and coastal drainages from rio Itaboapana to rio Araranguá.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.4 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 76852); 4.7 cm SL (female)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 7-9; Rayons mous anaux: 8 - 12; Vertèbres: 31 - 33. Diagnosed from Phalloceros anisophallos, Phalloceros megapolos, Phalloceros spiloura, Phalloceros reisi, Phalloceros buckupi, Phalloceros alessandrae, Phalloceros lucenorum, Phalloceros uai, Phalloceros pellos, and Phalloceros malabarbai by the female urogenital papilla straight along midline and located between the anus and the base of first anal-fin ray (vs. curved to the right, located laterally; border of the anal aperture in contact with the first anal-fin ray). Differs from Phalloceros tupinamba, Phalloceros leptokeras, and Phalloceros aspilos by the female urogenital papilla straight along midline (vs. slightly left turned); absence of a lateral ramus of the female urogenital papilla (vs. lateral ramus present); and small and simple hook in gonopodial appendix (vs. large sickle like hook). Can be distinguished from Phalloceros caudimaculatus, Phalloceros heptaktinos, Phalloceros ocellatus, Phalloceros mikrommatos, and Phalloceros leticiae by having a hook in the gonopodial appendix (vs. hook absent); from Phalloceros titthos by the absence of symphyseal papillae on large females (vs. symphyseal papillae present); and from Phalloceros enneaktinos by the possession of seven or eight dorsal-fin rays (vs. nine) (see remarks); from Phalloceros elachistos by the hook of gonopodial appendix not forming a lateral protuberance (vs. very small in adults, forming a lateral minute protuberance). In juveniles hook present and located on the appendix corner (vs. absent or (rarely) minuscule, when present in juveniles hook never situated on the appendix corner). Skin present covering the tip of appendix on juveniles (vs. skin absent). Distal half of appendix narrower than proximal half (vs. approximately as wide as or slightly narrower than proximal half) (Ref. 76852).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Lucinda, P.H.F., 2008. Systematics and biogeography of the genus Phalloceros Eigenmann, 1907 (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae), with the description of twenty-one new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6(2):113-158. (Ref. 76852)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00623 - 0.01842), b=3.18 (3.03 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .