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Phalloceros leptokeras  Lucinda, 2008

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Phalloceros leptokeras
Male picture by Lucinda, P.H.F.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae (Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Phalloceros: Greek, phallos = penis + Greek, keras = horn (Ref. 45335);  leptokeras: From the Greek leptos meaning strait, narrow plus kéras meaning horn, alluding to the slender gonopodial appendix. leptokeras is a noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce pélagique.   Tropical; 22°S - , 42°W -

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil: Middle portions of rio Paraíba do Sul drainage (Ref. 76852).

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.4 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 76852); 3.7 cm SL (female)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 8; Rayons mous anaux: 8 - 11; Vertèbres: 32 - 33. Distinguished by the following uniquely derived autapomorphy: typical densely pigmented rectangle like lateral spot located on the 14th or 15th (very rarely 16th) scale of longitudinal line. Can be readily differentiated from its congeners, except Phalloceros tupinamba and Phalloceros aspilos, by the presence a lateral ramus of the female urogenital papilla; female urogenital papilla left turned; large sickle like hook on the gonopodial appendix located in its inner surface and close to its base; and absence of vertical bars along body sides. Phalloceros leptokeras can be distinguished from Phalloceros aspilos by the presence of lateral spot (vs. spot absent). Phalloceros leptokeras can be distinguished from P. tupinamba by the flattened female urogenital papilla (vs. not-flattened in Phalloceros tupinamba) and by the lateral spot densely pigmented, rectangle like, horizontally covering the length corresponding to two or three scales length (vs. normally pigmented, vertically elongated, and horizontally covering the length corresponding to the length of one scale in Phalloceros tupinamba) (Ref. 76852).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Lucinda, P.H.F., 2008. Systematics and biogeography of the genus Phalloceros Eigenmann, 1907 (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae), with the description of twenty-one new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6(2):113-158. (Ref. 76852)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

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Écologie
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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00310 - 0.01617), b=3.13 (2.93 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .