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Phalloceros tupinamba Lucinda, 2008

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Phalloceros tupinamba
Male picture by Lucinda, P.H.F.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae (Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Phalloceros: Greek, phallos = penis + Greek, keras = horn (Ref. 45335);  tupinamba: From the Tupi tupinamba, in reference to the indigenous tribe that inhabited the region in the Pre-Cabralian times.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce benthopélagique.   Tropical

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Rio Itamambuca and rio Macacu drainages, small coastal drainages of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro States of Brazil.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.7 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 76852); 4.4 cm SL (female)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 7-8; Rayons mous anaux: 9 - 11; Vertèbres: 31 - 32. Distinguished easily from its congeners, except Phalloceros leptokeras and Phalloceros aspilos by the following characters: presence a lateral ramus of the female urogenital papilla, female urogenital papilla left turned; large sickle like hook on the gonopodial appendix located in its inner surface and close to its base; and absence of inconspicuous vertical bars along body sides. Differs from Phalloceros aspilos by having lateral spot and by the predorsal length of males 57.5-59.8 (vs. 54.8-56.3 % SL), and from Phalloceros leptokeras by the lateral spot normally pigmented, vertically elongated, and horizontally covering the length corresponding to one scale length and located on the 16th, 17th, 18th or 19th scale of longitudinal line (vs. densely pigmented, rectangle like, horizontally covering the length corresponding to two or three scales length located on the 14th or 15th (very rarely 16th) scale of longitudinal line (Ref. 76852).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Lucinda, P.H.F., 2008. Systematics and biogeography of the genus Phalloceros Eigenmann, 1907 (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae), with the description of twenty-one new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6(2):113-158. (Ref. 76852)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

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Écosystèmes
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Écologie
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Écotoxicologie
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Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00300 - 0.01594), b=3.13 (2.94 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .