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Plectorhinchus chaetodonoides Lacepède, 1801

Harlequin sweetlips
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Image of Plectorhinchus chaetodonoides (Harlequin sweetlips)
Plectorhinchus chaetodonoides
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Haemulidae (Grunts) > Plectorhinchinae
Etymology: Plectorhinchus: Greek, plektos = plaited + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; saumâtre récifal; profondeur 1 - 30 m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical; 31°N - 23°S, 57°E - 144°W

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo_West Pacific: Maldives (Ref. 11303) and Cocos Islands (Ref. 9399); Sumatra to Fiji (Ref. 9710) and New Caledonia, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Rowley Shoals.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?, range 40 - ? cm
Max length : 72.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 9710); common length : 60.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 37816); poids max. publié: 7.0 kg (Ref. 9710)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 11 - 12; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 18-20; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 7 - 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: chin with 6 pores, no median pit; gill rakers on first gill arch 9-12 + 1 + 27-32 = 36-43; D XII (rarely XI),18-20; longest dorsal-fin ray 16-25% of standard length, almost equal to length of soft dorsal-fin base in small specimens, more than 1/2 length of soft dorsal-fin base in adults; lips fleshy, moderately swollen with age; scales ctenoid (rough to touch); lateral line tubed scales about 52-59; body depth 2.4-2.5 in SL; caudal fin deeply forked with broadly rounded lobes in juveniles; only slightly forked to emarginate in adults. Colour of body with numerous dark brown spots, generally larger than pupil; pelvic fins spotted, darkening with age; juveniles brownish with large, well-defined creamy white blotches on body that include brown spots with age; colour gradually changing into a greyish background with large, deep brown spots (Ref. 47695, 90102).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits coral-rich areas of clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Adults are solitary, near and under ledges or caves by day. Juveniles are found among corals (Ref. 9710). Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks, and fishes at night. Juveniles are used in the aquarium industry (Ref. 9137). Small juveniles may mimic a toxic flatworm (Ref. 9710). Marketed fresh, a small quantity is salted. Large fish have coarse and dry flesh (Ref. 47695).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: intérêt commercial mineur; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.60 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Medium.