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Hippocampus histrix  Kaup, 1856

Thorny seahorse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Hippocampus histrix   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hippocampus histrix (Thorny seahorse)
Hippocampus histrix
Picture by Bednarzik, J.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Hippocampinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Kaup.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; non migrateur; profondeur 1 - 82 m (Ref. 37816), usually 15 - 40 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical; 35°N - 35°S, 22°E - 132°W

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Tanzania and South Africa to Hawaii and Tahiti, north to Japan, south to New Caledonia. Reported from the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819). This name is used for at least four distinct species (Ref. 30915). International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04) and a minimum size of 10 cm applies.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 7.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 11441)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 0; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 15-18; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 4.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

A rare inhabitant of shallow sheltered reefs, found among clumps of algae or in seagrass beds. Large adult pelagic and probably associated with drifting debris. Associated with sponges and sea-squirts (Ref. 30915, 58302). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). Feeds on zooplanktons and small crustaceans (Ref. 89972). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). Use in traditional Chinese medicine is increasing with the rise in patent medicines (Ref. 30915). Not common in the aquarium trade (Ref. 30915).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and genetic (Ref. 52884). Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Lourie, S.A., A.C.J. Vincent and H.J. Hall, 1999. Seahorses: an identification guide to the world's species and their conservation. Project Seahorse, London. 214 p. (Ref. 30915)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: hautement commercial; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

Pays
Zones FAO
Écosystèmes
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Écologie
Régime alimentaire
Éléments du régime alimentaire
Consommation alimentaire
Ration
Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.4 - 29, mean 28.1 (based on 1240 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.53 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.