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Mustelus mustelus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Smooth-hound
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Mustelus mustelus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Mustelus mustelus (Smooth-hound)
Mustelus mustelus
Picture by Meyer, T.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Élasmobranches (requins et raies) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Triakidae (Houndsharks) > Triakinae
Etymology: Mustelus: Latin, mustela, -ae = weasel (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin démersal; profondeur 5 - 624 m (Ref. 56504), usually 5 - 50 m (Ref. 244).   Temperate; 58°N - 34°S, 19°W - 36°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: UK to the Mediterranean, Morocco and Canary Islands; possibly Azores, Madeira, Angola to South Africa; including Indian Ocean coast. Often referred to as Mustelus canis which is restricted to the western Atlantic.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?, range 80 - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 27000); common length : 100.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 26999); âge max. reporté: 24 années (Ref. 30745)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 0; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 0; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 0. A large, plain or black-spotted smoothhound (Ref. 5578). Uniformly grey or greyish-brown above, white below (Ref. 5578).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Found on the continental shelves and uppermost slopes, from the intertidal region to at least 350 m depth (Ref. 244). Collected to depth of 624 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Sometimes in midwater but prefers to swim near the bottom (Ref. 244). Feeds mainly on crustaceans, but also cephalopods and bony fishes (Ref. 244). Viviparous, with a yolk-sac placenta (Ref. 244). Taken by shore and ski-boat anglers (Ref. 5578). Utilized for human consumption, oil, and fishmeal (Ref. 244). Sexual maturity is reached at a length of 70-80 cm (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Viviparous, with a yolk-sac placenta; 4 to 17 (Ref. 39938) young in a litter. Size at birth about 39 cm. Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborateurs

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: hautement commercial; pêche sportive: oui
FAO(pêcheries: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

Outils

Articles particuliers

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de données nationales | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Aquariums publics | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.8 - 27.3, mean 15.3 (based on 910 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00178 (0.00147 - 0.00214), b=3.13 (3.08 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Très faible, temps minimum de doublement de population supérieur à 14 ans (K=0.06-0.12; tm=6-15; tmax=24; Fec=4).
Prior r = 0.07, 2 SD range = 0.01 - 0.62, log(r) = -2.66, SD log(r) = 1.09, Based on: 1 K, 5 tgen, 1 tmax, 2 Fec records
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (74 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Medium.