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Acanthurus achilles Shaw, 1803

Achilles tang
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Acanthurus achilles   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Acanthurus achilles (Achilles tang)
Acanthurus achilles
Picture by Malaer, P.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Acanthurus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Shaw.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; profondeur 0 - 10 m (Ref. 27115), usually 0 - 4 m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical; 28°N - 26°S, 143°E - 109°W

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: oceanic islands of Oceania to the Hawaiian and Pitcairn islands. Also known from Wake, Marcus, and Mariana islands. Eastern Central Pacific: southern tip of Baja California, Mexico (Ref. 9267) and other offshore islands.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 9710)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 9; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 29-33; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 26 - 29. Dark brown, nearly black in color. Erectile spine (sharp and forward-pointing) on each side of caudal peduncle which folds down into a groove. Mouth small, snout noticeably extended. Light blue ring around chin and presence of spot of same color on gill cover at angle of gill opening. Dorsal fin with soft part having longer base than spinous part. Juveniles lack the large orange spot on caudal area.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Occurs in clear seaward reefs, usually in groups (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on filamentous and small fleshy algae (Ref. 9267). Monogamous (Ref. 52884). Spine in caudal peduncle may be venomous. Size of metamorphosis from postlarva stage to juvenile is 6 cm (Ref. 9267). This species sometimes hybridizes with A. nigricans (Ref. 9808).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Monogamous mating is observed as both facultative and social (Ref. 52884).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Randall, John E. | Collaborateurs

Randall, J.E., 1956. A revision of the surgeonfish genus Acanthurus. Pac. Sci. 10(2):159-235. (Ref. 1920)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 May 2010

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 4690)





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.8 - 28.3, mean 27.4 (based on 404 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00462 - 0.01429), b=2.87 (2.72 - 3.02), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Medium.