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Morone saxatilis  (Walbaum, 1792)

Striped bass
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Image of Morone saxatilis (Striped bass)
Morone saxatilis
Picture by Flescher, D.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Moronidae (Temperate basses)
Etymology: saxatilis: saxatilis=living among rocks (Ref. 79012).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; eau douce; saumâtre démersal; anadrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 30 - ? m (Ref. 2850).   Temperate; 8°C - 25°C (Ref. 47172); 47°N - 24°N, 94°W - 58°W

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: St. Lawrence River in Canada to St. John's River in northern Florida and northern Gulf of Mexico; from fresh and brackish tributaries of western Florida to Louisiana in the USA. Introduced to other countries.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 5723); common length : 120 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 9988); poids max. publié: 57.0 kg (Ref. 2850); âge max. reporté: 30 années (Ref. 1468)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 9 - 11; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 10-13; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 7 - 13

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabit coastal waters and are commonly found in bays but may enter rivers in the spring to spawn (Ref. 2850). Some populations are landlocked (Ref. 7251). Voracious and opportunistic feeder (Ref. 5951). Larvae feed on zooplankton; juveniles take in small shrimps and other crustaceans, annelid worms, and insects (Ref. 1998, 10294); adults feed on a wide variety of fishes (alewives, herring, smelt, eels, flounders, mummichogs, rock gunnels, sand lance, silver hake and silversides (Ref. 5951)) and invertebrates (squid, crabs, sea worms and amphipods (Ref. 5951)), mainly crustaceans (Ref. 1998). Feeding ceases shortly before spawning (Ref. 1998). Utilized fresh and eaten broiled and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Move into fresh or brackish water to spawn (Ref. 39467). Females spawn more than once in a season, but they don't necessarily spawn every year (Ref. 1998).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborateurs

Heemstra, P.C., 1995. Moronidae. Lubinas. p. 1289-1292. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9320)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: intérêt commercial mineur; Aquaculture: commercial; pêche sportive: oui
FAO(Aquaculture: production; pêcheries: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Sources Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1 - 23.5, mean 9.3 (based on 22 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5781   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00448 - 0.01409), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.7   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (K=0.12; tm=5-7; tmax=30; Fec=14,000).
Prior r = 0.37, 2 SD range = 0.17 - 0.79, log(r) = -0.99, SD log(r) = 0.39, Based on: 1 M, 4 K, 2 tgen, 1 tmax, 5 Fec records
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (61 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Medium.