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Poecilia latipinna (Lesueur, 1821)

Sailfin molly
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Image of Poecilia latipinna (Sailfin molly)
Poecilia latipinna
Female picture by Mensch, R.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae (Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Poecilia: Greek, poikilos = with a lot of colours (Ref. 45335);  latipinna: From the latin word latus (stem lat), meaning wide, broad, and pinna for fin (Ref. 79012).  More on author: Lesueur.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; eau douce; saumâtre benthopélagique; non migrateur; profondeur 0 - ? m (Ref. 55263).   Subtropical; 20°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060); 40°N - 16°N, 103°W - 76°W (Ref. 55263)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Cape Fear drainage in North Carolina, USA to Veracruz, Mexico. Introduced to many countries. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction. Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 26938).

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 6.7, range 5 - 9.5 cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 5723); 10.0 cm TL (female); common length : 3.4 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 12193)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

The large sail-like dorsal fin of the male is the most distinctive characteristic of this fish; coloration can vary from green, gray to jet black; speckled forms also common (Ref. 44091).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Found in still or gently flowing warm water of small creeks and drains (Ref. 44894). Occurs in ponds, lakes, sloughs, and quiet, often vegetated, backwaters and pools of streams (Ref. 5723) and also in coastal waters (Ref. 7251). Abundant in tidal ditches and brackish canals. Feeds mainly on algae (Refs. 7251; 44091), also consumes animal material: rotifers, small crustaceans (such as copepods and ostracods) and aquatic insects (Ref. 79012).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

After 28 days gestation, this species produces 10 to 100 young.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 March 2012

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Potential pest





Utilisations par l'homme

Aquarium: hautement commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00745 - 0.02030), b=3.04 (2.90 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (tm<1; mutiple spawning per year; Fec=10--300).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .