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Mallotus villosus (Müller, 1776)

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Native range
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Mallotus villosus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Mallotus villosus (Capelin)
Mallotus villosus
Female picture by Armesto, A.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Osmeriformes (Smelts) > Osmeridae (Smelts)
Etymology: Mallotus: Greek for fleecy, derived from mallos = wool, and -otus = a Greek adjectival suffix referring to property; referring to the shape of the scales along the side of breeding males, appearing hairy or fleecy (S.Kullander, pers. Comm.).;  villosus: From the Latin 'villosus' meaning hairy - refers to the rough extruded scales on spawning males.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; eau douce; saumâtre; anadrome (Ref. 46888); profondeur 0 - 725 m (Ref. 58426), usually ? - 200 m (Ref. 96339).   Polar; 79°N - 40°N, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 54574)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Circumpolar in the Arctic. North Atlantic: Barents Sea up to Bear Island, in the White and Norwegian seas, off the coast of Greenland up to 74°N and from Hudson Bay in Canada to Gulf of Maine, USA. North Pacific: south to Korea and Juan de Fuca Strait, Canada.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 13.5, range 15 - 19 cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 11626); 25.2 cm TL (female); common length : 15.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 4645); poids max. publié: 52.00 g (Ref. 56475); âge max. reporté: 10 années (Ref. 72498)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 0; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 10-14; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 16 - 23; Vertèbres: 62 - 73. Adipose with long base, about 1.5 times as long as the orbit or longer, outer margin only slightly curved (Ref. 6885). Olive green on dorsal surface, merging into silvery on sides and ventral surface (Ref. 6885).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Oceanic species found in schools (Ref. 2850). Nerito-pelagic (Ref. 58426). Adults feed on planktonic crustaceans, copepods, euphausiids, amphipods, marine worms, and small fishes (Ref. 6885, 35388). Mature individuals move inshore in large schools to spawn (Ref. 2850). In the spring large spawning shoals migrate toward the coasts, males usually arrive first. Often entering brackish and freshwater (Ref. 37812). Semelparous (Ref. 51846). Produces 6,000-12,000 adhesive eggs. Females are valued for their roe, males are utilized as fishmeal. Marketed canned and frozen; eaten fried and dried (Ref. 9988). Possibly to 725 m depth (Ref. 6793).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Reproductive strategy: synchronous ovarian organization, determinate fecundity (Ref. 51846). Experimental testing suggests facultative semelparity, with offshore-spawning capelin being absolute semelparous (death of both genders) and beach-spawning capelin being iteroparous irrespective of sex (Ref. 92136). Also Ref. 92150.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme


Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: hautement commercial
FAO(pêcheries: production, Résumé espèce; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Profil d'aquaculture
Fréquences alléliques
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Type de nage
Surface branchiale


Articles particuliers

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.3 - 7.1, mean 2.7 (based on 956 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00262 - 0.00504), b=3.20 (3.11 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.3-0.5; tm=3; tmax=10; Fec=6,000).
Prior r = 0.41, 95% CL = 0.27 - 0.62, Based on 9 stock assessments.
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Low.