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Anarhichas lupus  Linnaeus, 1758

Atlantic wolffish
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Image of Anarhichas lupus (Atlantic wolffish)
Anarhichas lupus
Picture by Salesjö, A.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Anarhichadidae (Wolffishes)
Etymology: Anarhichas: Greek, anarhichaomai = to climb up.   More on author: Linnaeus.

Environnement / Climat / Gamme Écologie

; marin démersal; océanodrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 1 - 600 m (Ref. 58426), usually 18 - 110 m (Ref. 7135).   Temperate; 79°N - 37°N, 75°W - 56°E (Ref. 54281)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Spitsbergen southward to White Sea, Scandinavian coasts, North Sea, the British Isles, also Iceland and south-eastern coasts of Greenland. Northwest Atlantic: southern Labrador in Canada and western Greenland to Cape Cod in Massachusetts, USA; rarely to New Jersey, USA (Ref. 7251). Elsewhere in the Baltic Sea (east to Rügen and Bornholm Islands), Bay of Biscay and northwestern Mediterranean (Gulf of Genoa) (Ref. 57932).

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?, range 50 - 60 cm
Max length : 150 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 7251); poids max. publié: 23.6 kg (Ref. 40637)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Ground color usually greyish-green but almost black or reddish -brown. Body with 10-15 transverse, dark bars extended to the dorsal fin (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabit rocky bottoms, sometimes over sand or mud, from 1-500 m (Ref. 9988). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on fishes (Ref. 58426), hard-shelled mollusks, crabs, lobsters, sea urchins and other echinoderms. Solitary in habit (Ref. 9988). Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Males guard a clutch of eggs right up to the time of hatching (Ref. 6407). During brood protection, the male hardly feeds (Ref. 6407).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Barsukov, V.V., 1986. Anarhichadidae. p. 1113-1116. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4694)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme


Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: hautement commercial; Aquaculture: expérimental; pêche sportive: oui; Aquarium: Aquariums publics
FAO(Aquaculture: production; pêcheries: production, Résumé espèce; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Fréquences de longueurs
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Profil d'aquaculture
Fréquences alléliques
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Type de nage
Surface branchiale


Articles particuliers

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Sources Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.8 - 12.1, mean 7.8 (based on 1910 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5938   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00398 (0.00294 - 0.00540), b=3.19 (3.10 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (K=0.04-0.1; tm=6-7; Fec=12,740-25,000).
Prior r = 0.3, 2 SD range = 0.14 - 0.64, log(r) = -1.2, SD log(r) = 0.38, Based on: 3 K, 2 tgen, 2 Fec records
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Low.