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Maylandia aurora (Burgess, 1976)

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Maylandia aurora
Picture by Mittenecker, G.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Maylandia: In honour of Hans J. Mayland, German ictiologist (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce démersal; pH range: 7.5 - 8.5; dH range: 12 - 30; profondeur 2 - 12 m (Ref. 9605), usually 2 - 5 m (Ref. 6256).   Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 1672); 12°S - 15°S

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Lake Malawi at Likoma Island (Ref. 6256, 86409) and along the coast of Mozambique between Mara Point and Tumbi Point and south near N'kolongwe (Ref. 86409). Populations have been transplanted in Lake Malawi to Otter Point and Thumbi West Island (Ref. 6256, 86409).

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.7 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 5684); 8.0 cm SL (female)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 17 - 19; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 8-10; Épines anales 3-4; Rayons mous anaux: 7 - 8. Diagnosis: The lack of a black submarginal band in the dorsal fin, a yellow ventral half of the head, breast, and dorsal fin, and the light-brown coloured females that have yellow fin-margins distinguish Maylandia aurora from most members of the genus, except M. hajomaylandi, M. chrysomallos, and M. xanthos; it differs from M. hajomaylandi and M. chrysomallos by fewer, faint, vertical bars below the dorsal fin, 6 vs. 7-9; and from M. xanthos by a shorter lower jaw, 28.4-33.5% of head length vs. 34.6-36.7% (Ref. 86409). Colouration: Lateral body colouration blue dorsally in males from likoma Island, Mara Point North, and N'kolongwe, but brown dorsally in males from Mbweca and Tumbi Point, with anterior portion of scales sky-blue and 6 faint blue bars below dorsal fin; caudal peduncle dark blue; yellow belly and breast fading to light blue towards anal fin; head sky-blue with preorbital, ventral half of cheek, operculum and preoperculum yellow; dark yellow/green opercular spot; gular yellow; dorsal fin yellow with submarginal sky-blue band and sky-blue blotches throughout; caudal-fin rays yellow with light-blue membranes; anal fin pale blue to pale yellow with one ocellus; pelvic fin with light-blue leading edge, remaining yellow; pectoral-fin rays pale yellow and membranes clear (Ref. 86409). Female lateral ground colouration pale blue with center of scales orange/brown; belly white; head brown; cheek and operculum with purple highlights; gray/black opercular spot; white gular; dorsal fin brown with brown lappets; caudal-fin rays brown with clear membranes; anal fin gray proximally and brown distally with single small orange/brown ocellus; pelvic finwith white leading edge; first two rays and membranes brown, remainder clear; pectoral fin clear (Ref. 86409).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Found in the intermediate zones of Lake Malawi, being particularly common along the rock-sand interface; occasionally it occurs in purely rocky habitats which are close to sand; most numerous between 2 and 5 m depth (Ref. 6256). Territories are held by males, usually over the upper surfaces of medium-sized and large rocks, but a small proportion of males occupy less prominent sites and some defend areas at the base of rocks where they dig sand-scrape nests; females, juveniles and non-territorial adult males occur singly or in groups of up to 30 individuals (Ref. 6256).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Produces 40-70 eggs.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborateurs

Ciccotto, P.J., A. Konings and J.R. Stauffer Jr., 2011. Descriptions of five new species in the genus Metriaclima (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from Lake Mala?i, Africa. Zootaxa 2738:1-25. (Ref. 86409)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 June 2018

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme


Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: ; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Rassemblement de ponte
Développement de l'œuf
Fréquences de longueurs
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Profil d'aquaculture
Fréquences alléliques
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Type de nage
Surface branchiale


Articles particuliers

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.