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Callionymus lyra Linnaeus, 1758

Dragonet
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Callionymus lyra   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Callionymus lyra
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Callionymidae (Dragonets)
Etymology: Callionymus: Greek, kallion, comparative of kallos = beautiful + Greek, onyma = name; with a better name .  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin démersal; profondeur 5 - 430 m (Ref. 5968), usually 5 - 30 m (Ref. 27115).   Temperate; 16°C - 20°C (Ref. 27115); 65°N - 16°N, 32°W - 32°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: southern Iceland and Norway south to Mauritania, including the northern Mediterranean, Gibraltar, and Algeria, western Black Sea, Aegean and Adriatic Sea, Azores and the Canary Islands.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 17.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.5 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 59122); 25.0 cm TL (female); common length : 15.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 3397); âge max. reporté: 7 années (Ref. 72462)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 4; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 8-10; Rayons mous anaux: 9. Gill opening dorsal. Usually antrorse (forward-pointing) tip at base of preopercular spine. Rays of second dorsal unbranched except for the last, which is divided at base (Ref. 232). Snout length 2-3 times the diameter of the eye (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Occurs on sand and muddy bottoms from sublittoral to 200 m (Ref. 6444) and to 400 m or more (Ref. 9900). Feeds on small invertebrates, mainly worms and crustaceans. Territorial, males aggressive with each other. Complex courtship behavior consists of 4 phases: courtship, pairing, ascending, releasing eggs and milt. Pelagic eggs and larvae (Ref. 5968). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 27115. Neither opercular spine gland nor anterolateral glandular groove with venom gland is present (Ref. 57406).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Complex courtship behavior with 4 phases: courtship, pairing, ascending, releasing eggs and milt (Ref. 5968).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Fricke, Ronald | Collaborateurs

Davis, W.P and R. Fricke, 1990. Callionymidae. p. 921-924. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon, SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6941)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 06 May 2013

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless (Ref. 4690)





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: intérêt commercial mineur; Aquarium: Aquariums publics
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 11.7 - 19.5, mean 13.3 (based on 92 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00865 - 0.01328), b=2.77 (2.72 - 2.82), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.38 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.43-0.47; tmax=6).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.