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Hippocampus whitei Bleeker, 1855

White's seahorse
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Native range
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Hippocampus whitei   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hippocampus whitei (White\
Hippocampus whitei
Female picture by Lourie, S.A.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Hippocampinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin démersal; non migrateur; profondeur 1 - 46 m (Ref. 4281), usually 1 - 25 m (Ref. 30915).   Temperate; 20°S - 35°S, 145°E - 160°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: Solomon Islands and Australia. Records from southern Mozambique and Natal, South Africa are misidentifications of Hippocampus camelopardalis. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04) and a minimum size of 10 cm applies.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 8.3, range 8 - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm OT mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 30915); common length : 8.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 4281); âge max. reporté: 5 années (Ref. 93066)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 0; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 16-17; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 4.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

In shallow, weedy inshore areas and Zostera seagrass beds; also on sponges. Also under jetties on holdfasts of kelp, and on other man-made structures such as shark nets. Diurnal and site faithful (Ref. 30915). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Gestation period 21-22 days depending on temperature (Ref. 30915). Monogamous and faithful to pair in the wild (Ref. 30915). Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and genetic (Ref. 52884). Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Lourie, S.A., A.C.J. Vincent and H.J. Hall, 1999. Seahorses: an identification guide to the world's species and their conservation. Project Seahorse, London. 214 p. (Ref. 30915)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Menacé (EN) (A2bc); Date assessed: 05 October 2016

CITES (Ref. 115941)


CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: intérêt commercial mineur
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

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Écotoxicologie
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Maturité
Frai
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Fécondité
Œufs
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Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
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Recrutement
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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Aquariums publics | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 21.7 - 27.1, mean 25.4 (based on 146 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00156 - 0.00968), b=2.99 (2.77 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (Assuming annual Fec<1000).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.