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Caranx melampygus  Cuvier, 1833

Bluefin trevally
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Caranx melampygus
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Caranx: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; saumâtre récifal; profondeur 0 - 190 m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical; 35°N - 35°S, 30°E - 78°W

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Ducie Island, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Eastern Central Pacific: Mexico to Panama (Ref. 9283). Hybrid with Caranx sexfasciatus found in Hawaii (Ref. 58422).

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 35.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 117 cm FL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 40637); common length : 60.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 3280); poids max. publié: 43.5 kg (Ref. 4699)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 9; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 21-24; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 17 - 21.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

A coastal and oceanic species, associated with reefs (Ref. 9283, 58302). Juveniles occur seasonally in shallow sandy inshore waters (Ref. 9710). Found in rivers (Ref. 12792). Pelagic (Ref. 58302). Occasionally in schools. Feeds mainly on other fishes (Ref. 9283), also crustaceans (Ref. 9710). Often toxic when it reaches a length of more than 50 cm (Ref. 4795). Mainly marketed fresh, but also dried or salted (Ref. 9283). Most common trevally in coral reefs (Ref. 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaborateurs

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 4690)




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; Aquaculture: commercial; pêche sportive: oui; Aquarium: Aquariums publics
FAO(pêcheries: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

Outils

Articles particuliers

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Sources Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.2 - 29, mean 27.9 (based on 2624 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.01637 - 0.02432), b=2.95 (2.92 - 2.98), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.23; tm=2; Fec=49,700).
Prior r = 0.55, 2 SD range = 0.35 - 0.86, log(r) = -0.6, SD log(r) = 0.22, Based on: 2 K, 1 tgen, 2 Fec records
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   High.