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Lutjanus sanguineus  (Cuvier, 1828)

Humphead snapper
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Lutjanus sanguineus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lutjanus sanguineus (Humphead snapper)
Lutjanus sanguineus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; profondeur 9 - 100 m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical; 31°N - 30°S, 30°E - 77°E (Ref. 55)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea east to the Arabian Sea and south to Natal, South Africa. Records of this species from the eastern Indian Ocean and the Western Central Pacific are probably misidentifications of Lutjanus malabaricus (Ref. 55). Has been misidentified as Lutjanus coccineus by recent authors.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 47.3, range 50 - 60 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 9710); common length : 70.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 5450); poids max. publié: 23.0 kg (Ref. 469); âge max. reporté: 13 années (Ref. 1488)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 10; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 13-14; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 8 - 9. Dorsal profile of head angular, snout steeply sloped. Preorbital bone broad, with horizontal grooves behind and below the eye. Anterior and posterior nostrils widely spaced. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Juveniles with a broad brown bar from upper jaw to beginning of dorsal fin and a series of reddish horizontal lines on sides.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit coral and rocky reefs to depths of at least 100 m (Ref. 30573). Off South Africa they display a preference for slightly silty, turbid regions in the vicinity of sometimes shallow, offshore banks. Captured mainly at night on coral banks off Mafia Island (Tanzania) in 9 to 12 m and off Zanzibar in about 75 m. They are active at night feeding over sandy or rubble bottoms (Ref. 9710).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: hautement commercial; pêche sportive: oui; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.4 - 29.2, mean 26.8 (based on 328 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00681 - 0.02326), b=2.97 (2.82 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (K=0.24; tm=2.5-6; tmax=13).
Prior r = 0.63, 2 SD range = 0.31 - 1.29, log(r) = -0.46, SD log(r) = 0.36, Based on: 1 M, 1 K, 3 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   High.