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Sciaena umbra  Linnaeus, 1758

Brown meagre
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Native range
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Sciaena umbra   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Sciaena umbra
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Sciaena: Greek, skiaina, skion = a fish, red mullet (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; saumâtre démersal; profondeur 1 - 200 m (Ref. 9505).   Subtropical; 53°N - 13°N, 19°W - 42°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Southern Bay of Biscay to Mauritania, occasionally southwards to Senegal. Also throughout the Mediterranean and Black seas.

Records from Ghana (Ref. 6810) and Gabon (Ref. 5516) are questionable. Two records in Belgium were actually for Micropogonias undulatus (Linnaeus, 1766) (Ref. 117298). The record off Wimereux is a misinterpretation during data entry mistake from the the Müller (2004, Ref. YYY) (Bailly, pers. comm., March 2018).

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 25.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 3397); common length : 28.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 3397); âge max. reporté: 21 années (Ref. 9505)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 11; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 23-25; Épines anales 2; Rayons mous anaux: 7 - 8

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Occurs in shallow coastal waters mainly on rocky and sandy bottoms, often entering estuaries and more active at night. Also inhabits caves and reefs (Ref. 9987). Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 4780). SCUBA diving observations suggest this to be a very calm fish with remarkable buoyancy control and an ability to move without much apparent effort (Ref. 9505). Marketed fresh and frozen; in Turkey, otoliths are ground to a powder and used as remedy for urinary tract infections (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Chao, L.N. and E. Trewavas, 1990. Sciaenidae. p. 813-826. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3593)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial
FAO(pêcheries: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 12.8 - 19.6, mean 15.3 (based on 215 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00797 - 0.00997), b=3.07 (3.04 - 3.10), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.19; tm=3; tmax=21).
Prior r = 0.44, 2 SD range = 0.24 - 0.79, log(r) = -0.82, SD log(r) = 0.29, Based on: 1 M, 2 K, 2 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (64 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Very high.