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Limnothrissa miodon  (Boulenger, 1906)

Lake Tanganyika sardine
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Native range
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Limnothrissa miodon   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Limnothrissa miodon (Lake Tanganyika sardine)
Limnothrissa miodon
Picture by Mohamed, A.D.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Limnothrissa: Greek, limne = swamp + Greek, thrissa, es = shad (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce pélagique; non migrateur; profondeur 10 - 60 m (Ref. 27631).   Tropical; 21°C - 29°C (Ref. 5392); 3°S - 18°S

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: endemic to Lake Tanganyika (Ref. 188, 28136, 107916), but introduced into several other lakes, like Lake Kivu, Lake Kariba and Cabora Bassa reservoir (Ref. 188, 7248, 28136, 52193).

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 6.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 36901); common length : 10.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 4967); poids max. publié: 40.00 g (Ref. 36901)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 0; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 13-18; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 15 - 19; Vertèbres: 41 - 44. Diagnosis: Body fairly slender, depth about 22-24% of standard length; pre-pelvic scutes not strongly keeled, beginning behind base of last pectoral fin ray; maxilla blade over 4 times as long as its shaft, its lower toothed edge continued forward to meet hind tip of pre-maxilla; second supra-maxilla asymmetrical, lower half larger; lower gillrakers long and slender, 35-38; a distinct silver stripe along flank (Ref. 188). It resembles Stolothrissa tanganicae of Lake Tanganyika, which is more slender, has a small eye and a shorter maxilla blade not reaching forward to hind tip of premaxilla (Ref. 188).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits offshore areas of lake Tanganyika; also occurs at rivermouths, where the water is not too muddy and not very different physico-chemically from the Lake (Ref. 5393); lacustrine, forming large schools (Ref. 188, 7248), preferring open water (Ref. 13337). It has been successfully introduced to Lake Kivu, Lake Kariba and Cahora Bassa reservoir (Ref. 4967); found throughout Lake Kariba in both inshore habitats and open water to a depth of 20-35 m depending on the thermocline (Ref. 7248, 52193). Feeds on plankton, especially atyid shrimps, also copepods and prawns, but larger individuals apparently take larval Stolothrissa (Ref. 188). Cannibalism does occur (Ref. 13337). Breeds close to the shore throughout the rainy seasons, but with peaks in May/June and December/January (Ref. 188). Fire is used to attract the fish and caught by means of scoop nets (Ref. 36900). Used widely as bait by anglers, especially for tigerfish (Ref. 7248, 52193).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Breeds close to the shore during the rainy seasons, but with peaks in May/June and December/January (Ref. 188).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Potential pest (Ref. 13055)




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; appât: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00414 - 0.01327), b=2.98 (2.83 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  1.6   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (K=0.86-1.2).
Prior r = 0.83, 2 SD range = 0.46 - 1.48, log(r) = -0.19, SD log(r) = 0.29, Based on: 1 M, 10 K, 1 Fec records
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Low.