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Pterapogon kauderni Koumans, 1933

Banggai cardinal fish
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Image of Pterapogon kauderni (Banggai cardinal fish)
Pterapogon kauderni
Picture by Tanaka, H.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Apogonidae (Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Pterapogon: Greek, pteron = wing, fin + Greek, pogon = beard (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin démersal; profondeur 0 - 16 m (Ref. 90102), usually 1 - 2 m (Ref. 9936).   Tropical; 1°S - 2°S, 123°E - 124°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Apparently restricted to Banggai Islands, Indonesia. Also found in several small islands off nearby eastern Taliabu Island and Luwuk vicinity (Ref. 90102). Threatened by extinction due to collection for the aquarium trade (Ref. 27438, 35396). Proposal to be listed in CITES Appendix II was submitted (Ref. 87100).

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 4.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.6 cm TL (female); poids max. publié: 0.00 g

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 8; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 14; Épines anales 2; Rayons mous anaux: 13.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Common around the jetty, in silty sand bottoms with seagrass (Enhalus acoroides). Associated with Diadema setosum, the long-spined sea urchins. Individuals of 2 to 60 hover directly above the urchins, with the younger ones about 2-3 cm SL staying closer to the urchins. The fish retreat among the spines when threatened. Probably feed on small benthic and planktonic crustaceans at night. Male incubates the eggs until hatching; the large egg about 2.5 mm in diameter, with the young remaining within the mouth cavity for undetermined period after hatching (Ref. 9936, 48635). Newly hatched larvae have no planktonic period (Ref. 35886). Juveniles also use anemones for protection (Ref. 45560, 48635). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35417).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

The male takes the eggs into its mouth where these and the larvae remain until young fish of about 8mm SL are released. Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205). Also Ref. 240.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Allen, G.R. and R.C. Steene, 1995. Notes on the ecology and behaviour of the Indonesian cardinalfish (Apogonidae) Pterapogon kauderni Koumans. Rev. Fr. Aquariol. 22(1-2):7-10. (Ref. 9936)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Menacé (EN) (B2ab(ii,iii,iv,v)); Date assessed: 01 March 2007

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: sans intérêt; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Aquariums publics | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.01115 - 0.03571), b=2.92 (2.76 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.41 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (tm<1; Fec=12-40; assuming multiple spawning).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .