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Lutjanus campechanus  (Poey, 1860)

Northern red snapper
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Lutjanus campechanus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lutjanus campechanus (Northern red snapper)
Lutjanus campechanus
Picture by Cox, C.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; profondeur 10 - 190 m (Ref. 55), usually 30 - 130 m (Ref. 55).   Subtropical; 43°N - 4°S, 100°W - 40°W (Ref. 55228)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico and eastern coast of the USA extending northward to Massachusetts, coasts of Florida (Ref. 26938), but rare north of the Carolinas. Throughout Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 26938). This species has been referred to as Lutjanus aya by previous authors, but Rivas (Ref. 6409) proved that Bodianus aya Bloch, 1790 is not a lutjanid, but probably a sciaenid.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 39.3, range 25 - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 26938); common length : 60.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 55); poids max. publié: 22.8 kg (Ref. 40637); âge max. reporté: 57 années (Ref. 48779)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 10; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 14; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 8 - 9. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Specimens under 30 to 35 cm with large dark spot on the upper sides, located below the anterior soft dorsal rays.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Adults are found over rocky bottoms. Juveniles inhabit shallow waters, common over sand or muddy bottoms. Feed mainly on fishes, shrimps, crabs, worms, cephalopods, and some planktonic items including urochordates and gastropods. Marketed fresh and eaten steamed, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Heavily exploited in American waters where it is now closely protected; shrimp fishing, accused of destroying young snappers, is currently restricted.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; pêche sportive: oui
FAO(pêcheries: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.7 - 27.5, mean 24.4 (based on 218 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.01247 - 0.01601), b=2.98 (2.95 - 3.01), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.72 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (K=0.12-0.2; tmax=16; Fec > 1 million).
Prior r = 0.42, 2 SD range = 0.18 - 0.99, log(r) = -0.87, SD log(r) = 0.42, Based on: 1 M, 15 K, 3 tmax, 3 Fec records
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (55 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Very high.