You can sponsor this page

Scomberomorus tritor  (Cuvier, 1832)

West African Spanish mackerel
Ajouter votre observation dans Fish Watcher
Envoyez vos Photos et vidéos
Pictures | Images Google
Image of Scomberomorus tritor (West African Spanish mackerel)
Scomberomorus tritor
Picture by JJPhoto

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; saumâtre; océanodrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 1 - 40 m (Ref. 28173), usually 20 - 25 m (Ref. 28173).   Tropical; 45°N - 19°S, 24°W - 14°E (Ref. 168)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Canary Islands and Senegal to the Gulf of Guinea and Baía dos Tigres, Angola. Rarely found in the northern Mediterranean Sea, along the coasts of France and Italy. This species has been erroneously been considered as a synonym of Scomberomorus maculatus by many authors.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 37.3, range 33 - 45 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 2683); 98.0 cm FL (female); common length : 75.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 2683); poids max. publié: 6.0 kg (Ref. 40637); âge max. reporté: 5 années (Ref. 27160)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 15 - 18; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 0; Rayons mous anaux: 17 - 20; Vertèbres: 46 - 47. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body covered with small scales. Lateral line gradually curving down toward caudal peduncle. Intestine with 2 folds and 3 limbs. Swim bladder absent. Some large individuals with thin vertical bars. Anterior half of first dorsal fin and margin of posterior half of first fin black.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits warm waters (Ref. 2683). Forms school close to the shore (Ref. 9987). Enters coastal lagoons and feeds on clupeids particularly Ethmalosa fimbriata. Reproduces in July to August (Ref. 5377). Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). Utilized fresh, dried-salted, smoked and frozen (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaborateurs

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial
FAO(pêcheries: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Pays
Zones FAO
Écosystèmes
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Écologie
Régime alimentaire
Éléments du régime alimentaire
Consommation alimentaire
Ration
Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

Outils

Articles particuliers

Télécharger en XML

Sources Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.7 - 27.7, mean 25.9 (based on 10 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00482 - 0.01503), b=3.00 (2.85 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.74 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.31-0.33; tmax=5; Fec=1 million).
Prior r = 0.85, 2 SD range = 0.55 - 1.30, log(r) = -0.16, SD log(r) = 0.21, Based on: 1 M, 1 K, 1 tmax, 2 Fec records
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   High.