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Zeus faber Linnaeus, 1758

John dory
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Native range
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Zeus faber   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Zeus faber
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Zeiformes (Dories) > Zeidae (Dories)
Etymology: Zeus: Derived from Greek Theos, Zeys = the supreme Greek god (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; saumâtre benthopélagique; océanodrome (Ref. 35388); profondeur 5 - 400 m (Ref. 9563), usually 50 - 150 m (Ref. 4968).   Temperate; 75°N - 49°S, 17°W - 177°E (Ref. 54935)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Worldwide in distribution. Eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa, also the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Western Pacific: Japan, Korea, Australia and New Zealand. Also known from the Indian Ocean.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 36.2, range 29 - 35 cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 6953); common length : 40.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 6953); poids max. publié: 8.0 kg (Ref. 35388); âge max. reporté: 12 années (Ref. 5377)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 9 - 11; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 22-24; Épines anales 4; Rayons mous anaux: 20 - 23. Gill rakers rudimentary. Minute scales present. Highly compressed body (Ref. 4253). Large dark spot, surrounded by a light ring on each side of the body (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Found in areas close to the sea bed (Ref. 6390). Generally solitary. Feeds mainly on schooling bony fishes, occasionally on cephalopods and crustaceans (Ref. 27121). Reproduction takes place at the end of winter and at the start of spring in the northeastern Atlantic, earlier in the Mediterranean. Eggs are pelagic, maturity reached at 4 years (Ref. 36731). Sold fresh (Ref. 9563) and frozen (Ref. 9988). Can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988). The flesh is excellent but is utilized little in West Africa (Ref. 5377).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

No studies of their reproductive development or early life history have been undertaken in Australia (Ref. 6390). Pelagic eggs (Ref. 35388).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborateurs

Karrer, C. and A. Post, 1990. Zeidae. p. 631-633. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6953)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Données manquantes (DD) ; Date assessed: 20 May 2013

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme


Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; pêche sportive: oui; Aquarium: Aquariums publics
FAO(pêcheries: production, Résumé espèce; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Rassemblement de ponte
Développement de l'œuf
Profil d'aquaculture
Fréquences alléliques
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Type de nage
Surface branchiale


Articles particuliers

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Sources Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.7 - 23.7, mean 13.6 (based on 1223 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7656   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.01225 - 0.01958), b=2.93 (2.86 - 3.00), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.15; tm=3-4; tmax=12).
Prior r = 0.63, 95% CL = 0.41 - 0.94, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Medium.