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Scomberomorus niphonius  (Cuvier, 1832)

Japanese Spanish mackerel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Scomberomorus niphonius   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scomberomorus niphonius (Japanese Spanish mackerel)
Scomberomorus niphonius
Picture by CAFS

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; océanodrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 0 - 200 m (Ref. 54883).   Temperate; 45°N - 18°N, 108°E - 143°E (Ref. 54883)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: confined to the subtropical and temperate waters of China, the Yellow Sea and Sea of Japan north to Vladivostok, former USSR. Often confused with Scomberomorus munroi.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 113 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 116934); poids max. publié: 8.0 kg (Ref. 116934)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 19 - 21; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 15-19; Rayons mous anaux: 16 - 20; Vertèbres: 48 - 50. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Lateral line gradually curving down toward caudal peduncle. The only species in the genus with a straight intestine. Swim bladder absent. Body covered with small scales. Anterior quarter of first dorsal fin and a narrow distal margin of the rest of the dorsal fin black. Sides with seven or more rows of longitudinal spots on the sides; some spots connected together.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Found near shore (including semi-enclosed sea areas) (Ref. 11230). Undergoes a spawning migration in spring (March to June) and a feeding migration in fall (September to November) in the Inland Sea of Japan. Feeds on small fishes. Another major fishing gear that is used are set nets. This species is the most important Scomberomorus species in Japan which is cultured and released for fishery. Marketed fresh and especially tasty in winter. Eaten pan-fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaborateurs

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: hautement commercial; Aquaculture: commercial; pêche sportive: oui
FAO(pêcheries: production, Résumé espèce; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Noms communs
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13 - 24.5, mean 19.2 (based on 181 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.7; Fec>100,000).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Very high.