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Sparisoma cretense (Linnaeus, 1758)

Parrotfish
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Native range
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sparisoma cretense   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sparisoma cretense (Parrotfish)
Sparisoma cretense
Female picture by Minguell, C.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) > Sparisomatinae
Etymology: Sparisoma: Latin, sparus = a fish with a golden head + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; profondeur 20 - 50 m (Ref. 27000).   Subtropical; 46°N - 12°N, 32°W - 36°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Portugal, Azores and Madeira south to the Canary Islands and Senegal. Mediterranean Sea: more common in the eastern and southern coasts.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 15.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 7360); common length : 30.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 6761)

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

In shallow water along rocky shores. Feed on algae and small invertebrates (Ref. 6761, 56146). Herbivore species with specialized pharyngeal bones and muscles (Ref. 52194, 52195). Breeding occurs from July to September, with juveniles recruiting in late summer in Portugal (Ref. 56146).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Males matured at the same ages and sizes as did females, and size ranges of males and females overlapped, strongly suggesting gonochorism for this species (Ref. 103751).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Westneat, Mark | Collaborateurs

Randall, J.E., 1990. Scaridae. p. 883-887. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7360)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 September 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial
FAO(pêcheries: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

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Écosystèmes
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Écologie
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Noms communs
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Métabolisme
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Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 15.1 - 20.3, mean 17.1 (based on 34 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00610 - 0.01428), b=3.07 (2.94 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.27 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.16; tmax=8).
Prior r = 0.48, 95% CL = 0.32 - 0.72, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Very high.