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Acanthurus lineatus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Lined surgeonfish
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Image of Acanthurus lineatus (Lined surgeonfish)
Acanthurus lineatus
Picture by Greenfield, J.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Acanthurus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; profondeur 0 - 15 m (Ref. 27115), usually 1 - 3 m (Ref. 37792).   Tropical; 24°C - 30°C (Ref. 27115); 36°N - 36°S, 27°E - 137°W

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa, including the Mascarene Islands (Ref. 37792) to the Hawaiian, Marquesas and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia. Replaced by the closely related Acanthurus sohal in the Red Sea.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 18.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 3145); common length : 25.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 30573); âge max. reporté: 46 années (Ref. 27143)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 9; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 27-30; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 25 - 28. Upper 3/4 of body with alternating black-edged blue and yellow bands; lower 1/4 of body gray. Erectile spine on each side of caudal peduncle is sharp, strong, forward-pointing, and venomous. Upper part of head with yellow, oblique stripes. Pectoral fins pale with dusky rays; pelvic fins light yellowish brown with black outer margin; vertical markings in caudal fin. Gill rakers 14-16 anterior row, 13-15 posterior row. Minute scales. Philippine specimens demonstrate different color patterns.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

A territorial species (Ref. 167) which is common in surge zones of exposed seaward reefs. The large male controls well-defined feeding territories and harems of females (Ref. 1602, 48637). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Adult usually forms schools and commonly found in shallow gutters. Juvenile solitary and secretive on shallow rubble habitats (Ref. 48637). The species is almost continually in motion. Herbivorous but also feeds on crustaceans (Ref. 5503). The venomous caudal spine can cause painful wounds. Forms spawning aggregations (Ref. 27825).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Form spawning aggregations, but spawn in pairs (Ref. 27825).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Randall, John E. | Collaborateurs

Randall, J.E., 1986. Acanthuridae. p. 811-823. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3145)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Venomous (Ref. 4821)




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
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Sons
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Type de nage
Surface branchiale
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29.3, mean 28.4 (based on 2958 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01862 (0.01229 - 0.02822), b=2.96 (2.84 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (tm=4; tmax=42;).
Prior r = 0.38, 2 SD range = 0.15 - 0.93, log(r) = -0.97, SD log(r) = 0.45, Based on: 2 K, 1 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Medium.