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Catlocarpio siamensis Boulenger, 1898

Giant barb
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Image of Catlocarpio siamensis (Giant barb)
Catlocarpio siamensis
Picture by Baird, I.G.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > No subfamily
  More on author: Boulenger.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce benthopélagique; potamodrome (Ref. 51243).   Tropical

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Maeklong (Ref. 26336), Mekong and Chao Phraya basins (Ref. 12693).

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 300 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 30857); poids max. publié: 300.0 kg (Ref. 10431)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 0. Head very large, about 2.5 times in SL; no barbels; no dorsal spine; 90-110 long gill rakers on first gill arch (Ref. 43281).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Found in large rivers and seasonally in canals and floodplains (Ref. 12693). Adults prefer big pools in the Mekong at least part of the year while juveniles are mostly seen in swamps and small tributaries, from where they are sometimes collected and stocked in ponds (Ref. 37770). The young can acclimatize to live in ponds, canals and swamps. A migratory species (Ref. 37772). Enters flooded forest (Ref. 9497). Young individuals occur in October in the lower Mekong basin (Ref. 12975). Feeds on algae, phytoplankton and fruits of inundated terrestrial plants (Ref. 12693) and detritus (Ref. 58784). Its numbers have declined seriously. Individual fishes rarely survive to reach reproductive maturity. Its catch should be strictly regulated by size. A very desirable food fish, sometimes eaten fresh or pickled (Ref. 12693). Maximum length of 300 cm needs confirmation. Threatened due to over harvesting and habitat loss (Ref. 58490).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. (Ref. 12693)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Niveau de menace critique (CR) (A2abcd); Date assessed: 05 April 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; Aquaculture: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

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Écosystèmes
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Écologie
Régime alimentaire
Éléments du régime alimentaire
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Noms communs
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Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
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Fécondité
Œufs
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Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00676 - 0.02571), b=3.05 (2.89 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.44 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (Assuming tm=5-10).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (88 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.