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Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier, 1829)

King mackerel
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Scomberomorus cavalla   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Scomberomorus cavalla
Picture by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; océanodrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 5 - 140 m (Ref. 36484), usually 5 - 15 m (Ref. 40849).   Tropical; 44°N - 22°S, 98°W - 34°W (Ref. 54879)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951) to Massachusetts, USA to São Paulo, Brazil. Eastern Central Atlantic: St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121).

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 63.3, range 45 - 114 cm
Max length : 184 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 9710); common length : 70.0 cm FL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 168); poids max. publié: 45.0 kg (Ref. 168); âge max. reporté: 14 années (Ref. 4949)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 12 - 18; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 15-18; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 16 - 20; Vertèbres: 41 - 43. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Swim bladder absent. Lateral line abruptly curving downward below second dorsal fin. Intestine with 2 folds and 3 limbs. Adults have no black area on the anterior part of the first dorsal fin. Juveniles with bronze spots in 5 or 6 irregular rows. Body entirely covered with scales.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Often found in outer reef areas. Larvae are encountered in surface waters of 26.3° to 31°C and 26.9 to 35 ppt. Feeds primarily on fishes with smaller quantities of penaeid shrimps and squids. Large schools have been found to migrate over considerable distances along the Atlantic US coast, water temperature permitting. It is an important species for recreational, commercial, and artisanal fisheries throughout its range. Most of the catch is processed into steaks or sold fresh, or sometimes canned and salted. Also prepared smoked and frozen (Ref. 9987). Potentially ciguatoxic in certain areas (Ref. 9710). Sometimes called "Kingfish" (Ref. 13442).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaborateurs

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 September 2010

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 9710)





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; pêche sportive: oui
FAO(pêcheries: production, Résumé espèce; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Ciguatera
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Surface branchiale
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.5 - 28.1, mean 27.2 (based on 1034 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00737 - 0.01182), b=3.01 (2.97 - 3.05), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.07-0.15; tm=2; tmax=14; Fec=70,000).
Prior r = 0.66, 95% CL = 0.43 - 0.99, Based on 5 stock assessments.
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Medium.