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Scomberomorus brasiliensis Collette, Russo & Zavala-Camin, 1978

Serra Spanish mackerel
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Scomberomorus brasiliensis
Picture by Duarte, L.O.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; océanodrome (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 21°N - 36°S, 90°W - 29°W (Ref. 168)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: along the Caribbean and Atlantic coasts of Central and South America from Belize to Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Literature records for Scomberomorus maculatus from the Caribbean and the Atlantic coasts of Central and South America apply to Scomberomorus brasiliensis, which has erroneously been considered a synonym of Scomberomorus maculatus by many authors.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 37.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 125 cm FL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 168); common length : 65.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 9987); poids max. publié: 6.7 kg (Ref. 40637)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 17 - 19; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 15-19; Épines anales 2; Rayons mous anaux: 16 - 20; Vertèbres: 47 - 49. Snout much shorter than rest of the head. Interpelvic process short and bifid. Lateral line gradually curving down toward caudal peduncle. Body entirely covered with small scales, no anterior corselet developed. Pelvic fins relatively short. Intestine with 2 folds and 3 limbs. Swim bladder absent. Sides silvery with several rows of round yellowish bronze spots. First dorsal fin black.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Does not migrate extensively, although some seasonal movement appears to occur off Trinidad. Feeds largely on fishes, with smaller quantities of penaeid shrimps and loliginid cephalopods. Most of the catch is consumed fresh, but in Brazil some is salted and some has been canned. Also utilized smoked and frozen; used for ceviche (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaborateurs

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 September 2010

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme


Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; pêche sportive: oui
FAO(pêcheries: production; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Rassemblement de ponte
Développement de l'œuf
Profil d'aquaculture
Fréquences alléliques
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Type de nage
Surface branchiale


Articles particuliers

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Sources Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.18; tm=3-4).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   High.