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Sparisoma viride  (Bonnaterre, 1788)

Stoplight parrotfish
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Image of Sparisoma viride (Stoplight parrotfish)
Sparisoma viride
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) > Sparisomatinae
Etymology: Sparisoma: Latin, sparus = a fish with a golden head + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; profondeur 3 - 50 m (Ref. 9710).   Subtropical; 34°N - 21°S, 98°W - 28°W (Ref. 55284)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: southern Florida (USA), Bermuda, Bahamas, and throughout the Caribbean Sea to Brazil.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 16.3, range 18 - ? cm
Max length : 64.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 3802); common length : 38.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 3802); poids max. publié: 1.6 kg (Ref. 26340)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 9; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 10; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 9. Relationship between fork length (FL) and maximum body depth (D): D = 0.10 + 0.33(FL); FL = -0.40 + 3.06(D), for n = 79, length range (cm, FL) = 13.5-25.5 (Ref. 3191). A distinctive, colorful and abundant fish. Young adults and females with scales outlined in darker gray; often bright red below. Super males green, with bright yellow spot at upper edge of gill cover, yellow bar at base of tail, curved orange-yellow mark on caudal fin rays (Ref. 26938). Initial phase fish with a brown head, the scales of the upper two-thirds of the body with pale centers and dark brown edges, the lower third of body and fins bright red. Terminal phase males are green with three diagonal orange bands on upper half of head

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits coral reefs with clear water (Ref. 13628). Young may be found in seagrass beds and other heavily vegetated bottoms. Feeds mainly on soft algae, but has been observed to graze on live corals like, Montastraea annularis (Ref. 6496). Produces a significant amount of sediment through bioerosion using its strong beak-like jaws and constantly re-growing teeth (Ref. 6485). Protogynous; strictly diurnal, spends the night sleeping on the bottom (Ref. 5221). Found singly or small in small groups.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

The type of reproductive behavior is related to the color phase of the males involved.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Westneat, Mark | Collaborateurs

Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez, 1992. Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. (Ref. 5217)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)

Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: intérêt commercial mineur; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Développement de l'œuf
Profil d'aquaculture
Fréquences alléliques
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Type de nage
Surface branchiale


Articles particuliers

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Sources Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.4 - 28, mean 27.2 (based on 206 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00911 - 0.02092), b=3.05 (2.93 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (tmax=9; k >0.30).
Prior r = 0.9, 2 SD range = 0.69 - 1.19, log(r) = -0.11, SD log(r) = 0.14, Based on: 1 M, 3 K, 2 tmax, records
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   High.