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Bodianus rufus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Spanish hogfish
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Native range
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Bodianus rufus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Bodianus rufus (Spanish hogfish)
Bodianus rufus
Picture by Johnson, L.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Bodianinae
Etymology: Bodianus: Bodianus after Bodiano or Pudiano, from the Portuguese pudor, meaning modesty (Jordan & Evermann, 1896).;  rufus: Name from a Latin adjective meaning 'red' or 'reddish', apparently in reference to the overall reddish yellow coloration of some large individuals of this species. Believed to have been based on Catesby’s (1743) colour figure of this species referred to in Linnaeus’ original description of Labrus rufus, however, the initial-phase adult of B. insularis is also completely red (Ref. 75973).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; profondeur 1 - 70 m (Ref. 9710), usually 3 - 70 m (Ref. 27115).   Tropical; 22°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 33°N - 26°S, 98°W - 34°W

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA) and throughout the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea to southern Brazil.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 9626); common length : 28.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 3726); poids max. publié: 1.0 kg (Ref. 40637)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 12; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 9-11; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 11 - 13. Head, upper front part of body, and front of dorsal fin blue if from shallow water, red if from deep; rest of body and tail yellow. Dorsal, anal, and pelvic fins mostly blue or red-yellow at rear (Ref. 26938).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit rocky or coral reefs (Ref. 9710). Feed on brittle stars, crustaceans, mollusks, and sea urchins (Ref. 9710). Juveniles actively pick parasites from larger fishes (Ref. 5521). A protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. ). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). May hybridize with spotfin hogfish, B. pulchellus (Ref. 40096). Marketed fresh (Ref. 3726). Maximum depth reported from Ref. 27115.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Forms permanent harem groups composed of a single male and several smaller females (Ref. 55398). Monandric species (Ref. 55398). Sex reversal is completed in 7-10 days (Ref. 34185, 34247). Length at sex change = 17.28 cm TL (Ref. 55398). Spawning occurs at dusk (Ref. 55398).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Westneat, Mark | Collaborateurs

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: intérêt commercial mineur; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

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Sources Internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.5 - 28, mean 26.7 (based on 620 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00693 - 0.02085), b=3.06 (2.91 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Very high.