Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Distichodontidae
Etymology: Nannocharax: Latin, nannus = small + Greek, charax = a marine fish without identification (Ref. 45335); zebra: The species name zebra is an allusion to the striped pattern of preserved specimens (Ref. 80507).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 6°N - 5°N, 6°E - 10°E
Africa: Cross River and Niger Delta (Ref. 80507).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80507)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 12 - 13. Diagnosis: Nannocharax zebra is distinguished from all other described Nannocharax species except N. schoutedeni, N. latifasciatus, N. ansorgii and N. procatopus, by its shorter distance between posterior border of anus and articulation of first anal-fin ray (2.2-3.8 vs. 4.2-14.2% of standard length) (Ref. 80507). It differs from N. schoutedeni by having 39-43 vs. 36 or 37 lateral line scales, from N. latifasciatus by its major depth of caudal peduncle (55.9-63.8% vs. 48.1-50.8% of standard length), from N. ansorgii by having 12-13 rather than 9 anal-fin rays, and from N. procatopus by having a lower caudal peduncle length (11.3-15.2% vs. 18.0% of standard length), and by having 39-43 rather than 36 lateral line scales (Ref. 80507).
Type specimens collected inshore in areas of relatively calm water among fine twigs of a fallen tree; these twigs were not reaching soil, but remained attached to the crown of the fallen tree and reaching into the free water column; specimens sometimes rested on the fine twigs, but mostly were seen moving or hovering in the free water column in a water depth of aproximately 50-100 cm, well above the bottom which consisted of leaflitter, sand and fine detritus (Ref. 80507).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Dunz, A.R. and U.K. Schliewen, 2009. Description of two new species of Nannocharax Günther, 1867 (Teleostei: Characiformes: Distichodontidae) from the Cross River, Cameroon. Zootaxa 2028:1-19. (Ref. 80507)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00147 - 0.00981), b=3.11 (2.88 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .