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Sebastes alutus  (Gilbert, 1890)

Pacific ocean perch
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Year 2100
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Sebastes alutus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sebastes alutus (Pacific ocean perch)
Sebastes alutus
Picture by Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Sebastidae (Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads) > Sebastinae
Etymology: Sebastes: Greek, sebastes = august, venerable (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 0 - 825 m (Ref. 6793), usually 165 - 293 m (Ref. 27437).   Deep-water; 64°N - 24°N, 143°E - 110°W (Ref. 54884)

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 33.1, range 25 - 43.3 cm
Max length : 53.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527); max. published weight: 2.1 kg (Ref. 56527); max. reported age: 103 years (Ref. 93933)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-17; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 6 - 9; Vertebrae: 26. Head spines weak - nasal, preocular, supraocular (may be absent), postocular, tympanic, parietal, and nuchal (may be absent) spines present, coronal spine absent (Ref. 27437). Long lower jaw with prominent forward directed symphyseal knob (Ref. 27437). Posterior margin of caudal indented (Ref. 6885). Bright to light red, usually with dark markings dorsally, may have some dark stippling on sides and dark blotch on caudal peduncle (Ref. 27437).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | SELECT scientificname FROM scientificname WHERE scientificname = Sebastes alutus LIMIT 1Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North Pacific: Honshu, Japan to Cape Navarin in the Bering Sea (but not in the Sea of Okhotsk) and La Jolla, California, and along the Aleutians from Stalemate Bank and Bowers Bank to the Alaska Peninsula. Stocks have suffered severe population decline due to overfishing (Ref. 27437).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Abundant in offshore waters (Ref. 2850). Young pelagic up to age 3 (Ref. 6885). Grows slowly (Ref. 2850). Viviparous (Ref. 34817). Very important commercial rockfish in the North Pacific (Ref. 2850, 27437). Marketed as fillets (Ref. 2850). Utilized fresh and frozen; eaten fried, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Produces young in small numbers, only about 300,000 when the fish is 20 years old.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(fisheries: production, species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins
Swim. type
Gill area


Special reports

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | RFE Identification | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00582 - 0.01365), b=3.09 (2.96 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Musick et al. 2000 (Ref. 36717); tmax=103; tm=7; K=0.1; Fec=31,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (55 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.