Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Kumba: Named for the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, whose research vessel Sarsia dredged the type species.; maculisquama: From the characteristic feature of the species, presence of the isolated 'islets' of scales near the nostrils.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 1350 - 1600 m (Ref. 11651). Deep-water
Southeast Atlantic: known from the type locality, 37°09'S, 7°38'W.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11651)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 2. A rather soft, large, inflated head; small head pores. Dorsally scaleless snout extend onto forehead. Orbit diameter about 29% of head length; snout almost equal to orbit, about 1.1 into broad interorbital (33% HL in width). Rudimentary barbel, less than 3% HL. Well developed ADW and PDW, at either end of the long periproct region, separated by a narrow isthmus. 1D II,9 (Ref. 11651).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iwamoto, T. and Y.I. Sazonov, 1994. Revision of the genus Kumba (Pisces, Gadiformes, Macrouridae), with the description of three new species. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 48(11):221-237. (Ref. 11651)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .