Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Kumba: Named for the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, whose research vessel Sarsia dredged the type species.; calvifrons: From the Latin 'calvus' meaning bald, and 'frons' = forehead, in reference to the naked snout and forehead of the species.. More on author: Iwamoto.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range ? - 960 m (Ref. 11651). Deep-water
Atlantic Ocean: known only from the holotype collected from the equator on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11651)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 2. Firm head not inflated. Sensory canals on head without enlarged pores. Dorsally scaleless posteriorly onto forehead as 2 projections lateral to median rostral ridge. Suborbital and nasal ridges distinct. Short barbel, about 9% of head length (HL); long upper jaw, 40% HL or more; orbit 27% HL, with snout equal to the orbit, 1.2 times longer than the interorbital. 1D II,11 (Ref. 11651).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iwamoto, T. and Y.I. Sazonov, 1994. Revision of the genus Kumba (Pisces, Gadiformes, Macrouridae), with the description of three new species. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 48(11):221-237. (Ref. 11651)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .