Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 5 - 205 m (Ref. 114953). Subtropical; 31°S - 41°S, 114°E - 148°E (Ref. 114953)
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to southern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 146 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114953)
A benthic species that occurs on continental shelf, mainly found on soft bottoms and seagrasses. Feeds on bottom crustaceans, worms, molluscs and small fishes. Produces litters of 2-5 pups. Maturity size of males at ca. 70 cm TL, females at 89 cm TL; birth size at 21-25 cm TL (Ref. 114953).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 2009. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 656 p. (Ref. 109431)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00268 - 0.01955), b=2.99 (2.76 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (75 of 100) .