Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Scartichthys: Greek, skaritis, -idos = a jewel stone with the colour of the fish scarus (Ref. 45335); variolatus: Latin, variola = smallpox or spotted; refers to the pattern of spots on the head and body (Ref. 10696). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 9 m (Ref. 10696). Subtropical; 25°S - 35°S, 83°W - 76°W (Ref. 89357)
Southeast Pacific: Desventuradas Is. and Juan Fernández Is. (Ref. 89357).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10696)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 11 - 12;
soft rays: 19 - 20. Dentary incisors 80-93; segmented dorsal-fin rays 18; pupil-size black spot on first and sometimes second interspinal membrane; and pupil-size white spots (brownish red in life) on head and body.
Found on rocky bottoms. Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Williams, J.T., 1990. Phylogenetic relationships and revision of the blenniid fish genus Scartichthys. Smith. Contrib. Zool. 492:1-30. (Ref. 10696)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.4 - 19, mean 18.8 (based on 3 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00330 - 0.01663), b=3.00 (2.80 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .