Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Priacanthidae
(Bigeyes or catalufas)
Etymology: Pristigenys: Greek, pristis = saw + Greek, genys, -yos = face (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 200 m. Subtropical; 45°N - 5°N, 98°W - 53°W
Western Atlantic: east coast of North America, Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. Aside from records from Brazil (which are in error), there are no other records from South America or in eastern Atlantic waters.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)
Found on rocky bottoms between 5 (Ref. 5403) and 200 m depth, usually solitary and possibly territorial.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Starnes, W.C., 1988. Revision, phylogeny and biogeographic comments on the circumtropical marine percoid fish family Priacanthidae. Bull. Mar. Sci. 43(2):117-203. (Ref. 5403)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5313 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .