Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gasterosteiformes
(Sticklebacks and seamoths) > Gasterosteidae
(Sticklebacks and tubesnouts)
Etymology: Pungitius: Latin, pungitius = prickling (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Temperate; 58°N - 34°N, 120°E - 161°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 50519); 9.0 cm SL (female)
Asia: Korean Peninsula, Japan, Kuril islands, Amur basin and Kamchatka Peninsula.
Length in freshwater is recorded at 6.5 cm TL; in the sea, it is recorded at 8.5-9.0 cm TL (Ref. 2058). Males build, guard and aerate the nest where the eggs are deposited (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Males build, guard and aerate the nest where the eggs are deposited (Ref. 205).
Reshetnikov, Y.S., 2003. Atlas of Russian freshwater fishes, Vol. 2. Moscow Nauka. (Ref. 50519)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00437 (0.00167 - 0.01142), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec < 1,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .