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Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus  (Pallas, 1814)

Great sculpin
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Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Great sculpin)
Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus
Picture by Gotshall, D.W.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Cottidae (Sculpins)
Etymology: Myoxocephalus: Greek, myos = muscle, and also, mouse + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 775 m (Ref. 6793).   Temperate

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 54 - 58 cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527); max. published weight: 9.0 kg (Ref. 56527)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9 - 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-16; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 11 - 13. Caudal fin slightly rounded (Ref. 6885). Color deep olive on dorsal surface with 4 dark saddles across back; ventral surface pale; brown bars running downward on relaxed unpaired and paired pectoral fins (Ref. 6885).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North Pacific: Hokkaido, Japan and Kamchatka, Russia through the Aleutian Islands to the Bering Sea coast of Alaska and Puget Sound, Washington, USA.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in the intertidal area and to 244 m depth, on sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 2850). Feeds on small fishes (Ref. 4925). Often caught near shore (Ref. 2850).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00613 - 0.01420), b=3.11 (2.98 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=6-8; tmax=9-13; K=0.08-0.21; Fec=2,00-10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
very high
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.