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Hexanchus nakamurai  Teng, 1962

Bigeyed sixgill shark
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Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Hexanchus nakamurai   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hexanchus nakamurai (Bigeyed sixgill shark)
Hexanchus nakamurai
Picture by Murch, A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Hexanchiformes (Frill and cow sharks) > Hexanchidae (Cow sharks)
Etymology: Hexanchus: Greek, exa = six + Gree, agcho, narrow (Ref. 45335);  nakamurai: Named for Dr. Hiroshi Nakamura.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 0 - 600 m (Ref. 5578), usually 90 - 600 m (Ref. 6874).   Deep-water; 49°N - 35°S, 99°W - 161°E (Ref. 55216)

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 142 - 178 cm
Max length : 180 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 247); common length : 120 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 155. This slender-bodied shark is readily distinguished from its larger congener (H. griseus) by having a narrower head, relatively larger eyes, 5 large lower comb-shaped anterolateral teeth, a long slender dorsal-caudal space, with distance from the dorsal origin to the upper caudal origin being at least twice the length of the dorsal fin base; with the upper and lower caudal postventral margins forming a strong arch. In life, Color of dorsum a uniform pale brown without a light line extending along the lateral body trunk, the trailing fin edges are white in some specimens and the ventral surface is lighter (Ref. 94780).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Wide-ranging, patchily distributed species, in warm temperate and tropical seas (Ref. 94780). Western Central Atlantic: Mexico (Ref. 13186), off Bahamas, northern Cuba, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Eastern Atlantic: France to Morocco, including Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 13573); possibly Côte d'Ivoire and Nigeria. Indian Ocean: off eastern and southern Africa (Ref. 13573), Aldabra Island (India); Western Australia (Ref. 6871). Western Pacific: Japan, Taiwan, Philippines, New Caledonia and eastern Australia (Ref. 13573).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on continental and insular shelves and upper slopes, from 90 to 600 m depth, usually on or near bottom, may move to the surface at night (Ref. 247, 5578). Probably feeds on bony fish and crustaceans (Ref. 13573). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205), with 13 young in a litter (Ref. 247). Size at birth measures to about 40-43 cm TL (Ref. 94780). Not dangerous to people as far as is known (Ref. 247). Utilized for its fins, meat and liver oil but of little value due to its relatively small size (Ref.58048).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Ovoviviparous, with number of young 13 in one litter. Length at birth about 43 cm (Ref. 247). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborators

Ebert, D.A., W.T. White and H.-H. Ho, 2013. Redescription of Hexanchus nakamurai Teng 1962, (Chondrichthyes: Hexanchiformes: Hexanchidae), with designation of a neotype. Zootaxa 3752(1):020-034. (Ref. 94780)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 247)




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.8281   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec = 13).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (81 of 100) .
unknown
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.