Famille Caesionidae - Fusiliers
  Ordre
:
Caesionidae
  Classe
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 4 | Espèce : 23 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environnement
:
Eau douce : No | Saumâtre : No | Marin : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
some
  Premier signalement fossile
:
     
  Remarque
:
Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Morphology: Body oblong to fusiform; D X-XV,8-22 with slender weak spines; A III,9-13; pelvic fins I,5; pectoral fins 16-24; caudal fin distinctly forked with pointed lobes; scale rows on body running horizontally; dorsal and anal fins with scales except for Gymnocaesio gymnoptera and Dipterygonotus balteatus; longitudinal axis from tip of snout to middle of caudal fin passing through centre of eye; mouth small and highly protrusible; small or minute conical teeth; axil of pectoral fins black (Ref. 39189). Description: Oblong to fusiform, moderately compressed, medium-sized to small (to about 50 cm) lutjanoid fishes; eye moderately large, its diameter longer than snout length. Mouth small and highly protrusible; 1 or 2 finger-like postmaxillary processes on dorsoposterior surface of premaxilla; angle of jaw oblique, about 40° to horizontal; dentition variously reduced; premaxillae, vomer, and palatines with or without teeth; caudal fin deeply forked; margin of dorsal and anal fins more or less evenly sloping; third or fourth dorsal-fin spines longest; second or third anal-fin spines longest, remaining spines and rays gradually decreasing in length (except in Dipterygonotus with dorsal fin profile not evenly sloping, last IV-V dorsal-fin spines small and nearly separate, connected only at their bases by membrane, and dorsal-fin rays much longer than these spines); branchiostegal rays 7; scales moderate to small, weakly ctenoid; lateral-line scales 45 to 88; ascending premaxillary process a separate ossification from premaxilla; ethmo-maxillary ligament absent; a separate A1’ section of the adductor mandibulae which originates on the subocular shelf; supraneural configuration 0/0/0+2/1+1/, /0+0/0+2/1+1/, or /0+0/2/1+1/; epineurals 10-15; procurrent caudal-fin rays typically 7-10; hypurals 1-2 and 3-4 typically fused in all species (except some juveniles); openings in external wall of pars jugularis 2 to 5; colour of sides with or without longitudinal stripes, the caudal fin either without markings, with a blackish blotch on tips of lobes, or with a longitudinal blackish streak in middle of each lobe (Ref. 39189). Trophic ecology: Fusiliers are closely related to snappers (Lutjanidae) but possess several adaptations for a planktivorous mode of life, such as the elongate fusiform body, the small mouth, and the deeply forked caudal fin. During the day they occur in large zooplankton feeding schools in mid-water over the reef, along steep outer reef slopes and around deep lagoon pinnacles. Although they are active swimmers, they often pause to pick zooplankton and at cleaning stations, and shelter within the reef at night. Require unrestricted space, hence unsuitable for home aquaria. Uses: Fusiliers are important food fishes and are also used as bait in tuna fisheries.
  Étymologie
:
Latin, caesius = bluish-grey ( Ref. 45335).
  Guilde reproductive
:
nonguarders
  Niveau d'activité typique
:
active
  Réf. Princ.
:
  Coordinateur
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Caesionidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Caesioninae
Caesio caerulaurea Lacepède, 1801
acceptedseniororiginal
! Caesio caerulaureus Lacepède, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
! Caesio cearulaurea Lacepède, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
! Caesio coerulaureus Lacepède, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
Smaris mauritianus Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
synonymjuniororiginal
Caesio maculatus Cuvier, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Caesio azuraureus Rüppell, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Caesio nori Montrouzier, 1857
synonymjuniororiginal
Caesio cuning (Bloch, 1791)
acceptedseniornew
Sparus cuning Bloch, 1791
synonymseniororiginal
Cichla cuning (Bloch, 1791)
synonymseniornew
! Caesio cunning (Bloch, 1791)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Caesio lunaris Cuvier, 1830
acceptedseniororiginal
Pterocaesio lunaris (Cuvier, 1830)
synonymseniornew
! Caesio lunare Cuvier, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
! Caesio lunares Cuvier, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Caesio striata Rüppell, 1830
acceptedseniororiginal
! Caesio striatus Rüppell, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Pterocaesio striatus (Rüppell, 1830)
synonymseniornew
Caesio xanthonota Bleeker, 1853
acceptedseniororiginal
! Caesio xanthonotus Bleeker, 1853
synonymseniororiginal
! Caesio xanthonatus Bleeker, 1853
synonymseniororiginal
Caesio suevica Klunzinger, 1884
acceptedseniororiginal
! Caesio suevicus Klunzinger, 1884
synonymseniororiginal
Caesio teres Seale, 1906
acceptedseniororiginal
! Caesio terus Seale, 1906
synonymseniororiginal
! Caesio pulcherrimus Smith & Smith, 1963
synonymjuniororiginal
Caesio pulcherrima Smith & Smith, 1963
synonymjuniororiginal
Caesio xanthonotus (non Bleeker, 1853)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Caesio varilineata Carpenter, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal
Caesio sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
! Caesio varilineatus Carpenter, 1987
synonymseniororiginal
Caesio caerulaureus (non Lacepède, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Caesio xanthalytos Holleman, Connell & Carpenter, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal
Pterocaesio tile (Cuvier, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Caesio tile Cuvier, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Caesio tricolor Cuvier, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal
Caesio cylindricus Günther, 1859
synonymjuniororiginal
Caesio multiradiatus Steindachner, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal
Clupeolabrus dubius Nichols, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal
Pterocaesio chrysozona (Cuvier, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Caesio chrysozona Cuvier, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
! Caesio chrysozoma Cuvier, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
! Caesio chrysozonus Cuvier, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Pterocaesio pisang (Bleeker, 1853)
acceptedseniornew
Caesio pisang Bleeker, 1853
synonymseniororiginal
Pterocaesio digramma (Bleeker, 1864)
acceptedseniornew
Caesio digramma Bleeker, 1864
synonymseniororiginal
! Caesio diagramma Bleeker, 1864
synonymseniororiginal
! Pterocaesio diagramma (Bleeker, 1864)
synonymseniornew
! Pterocasesio digramma (Bleeker, 1864)
synonymseniornew
Caesio chrysozona (non Cuvier, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pterocaesio marri Schultz, 1953
acceptedseniororiginal
! Pterocasesio marri Schultz, 1953
synonymseniororiginal
Pterocaesio kohleri Schultz, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal
Pterocaesio chrysozona (non Cuvier, 1830)
misappliedmisappliednew
Pterocaesio diagramma (non Bleeker, 1864)
misappliedmisappliednew
Pterocaesio capricornis Smith & Smith, 1963
acceptedseniororiginal
Pterocaesio lativittata Carpenter, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal
Pterocaesio randalli Carpenter, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal
Caesio pisang (non Bleeker, 1853)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pterocaesio tessellata Carpenter, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal
Pterocaesio sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
! Pterocaesio tesselata Carpenter, 1987
synonymseniororiginal
! Pterocaesio tessellate Carpenter, 1987
synonymseniororiginal
! Pterocaesio tessellatus Carpenter, 1987
synonymseniororiginal
Caesio caerulaureus (non Lacepède, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Caesio chrysozona (non Cuvier, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pterocaesio trilineata Carpenter, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal
Caesio sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Caesio trilineata (Carpenter, 1987)
synonymseniornew
! Pterocaesio trilineatus Carpenter, 1987
synonymseniororiginal
Caesio pisang (non Bleeker, 1853)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pterocaesio flavifasciata Allen & Erdmann, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal
Pterocaesio monikae Allen & Erdmann, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
Gymnocaesioninae
Gymnocaesio gymnoptera (Bleeker, 1856)
acceptedseniornew
! Caesio gymnopterus Bleeker, 1856
synonymseniororiginal
! Gymnocaesio gymnopterus (Bleeker, 1856)
synonymseniornew
Dipterygonotus balteatus (Valenciennes, 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Smaris balteatus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
! Dipterygonatus balteatus (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
! Dipterygonotus balteata (Valenciennes, 1830)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Dipterygonotus gruveli Chabanaud, 1924
synonymjuniororiginal
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