Family Parodontidae - Scrapetooths
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 3 | Species : 32 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : No | Marine : No
  Division
:
Primary freshwater
  Aquarium
:
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: throughout South America and part of Panama, except in some coastal basins, Patagonia and the Amazon channel. Fusiform bodies, no fontanel and inferior mouth with a poorly developed, or absent, upper lip. There are commonly four (rarely two) spatulate premaxillary teeth, which have a straight or cusped cutting border. Some species with dentary and maxillary teeth. Gill members are joined and free of scally isthmus. Mostly do not exceed 15 cm in length and are usually of no commercial importance. Suggested new common name for this family from Ref. 58418.
  Etymology
:
Greek, para = the side of + Greek, odous =teeth ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Otomorpha | Ostariophysi | | Otophysa | | | | | | Characiphysae | Characiformes | Characoidei | | Parodontidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Parodontidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Parodon suborbitalis Valenciennes, 1850
acceptedseniororiginal
! Parodon suborbitale Valenciennes, 1850
synonymseniororiginal1
Parodon nasus Kner, 1859
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parodon tortuosus Eigenmann & Norris, 1900
synonymjuniororiginal2
Parodon tortuosus tortuosus Eigenmann & Norris, 1900
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Parodon gestri Boulenger, 1902
synonymjuniororiginal2
Apareiodon pirassunungae Amaral Campos, 1945
synonymjuniororiginal2
Parodon caudalis (non Fowler, 1940)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Parodon tortuosus caudalis (non Fowler, 1940)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Parodon hilarii Reinhardt, 1867
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parodon buckleyi Boulenger, 1887
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parodon caliensis Boulenger, 1895
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Parodon bifasciatus Eigenmann, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parodon apolinari Myers, 1930
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parodon carrikeri Fowler, 1940
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parodon caudalis Fowler, 1940
synonymjuniororiginal2
Parodon pongoensis (Allen, 1942)
acceptedseniornew
! Apareiodon pongoense Allen, 1942
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
Apareiodon caquetae Fowler, 1945
synonymjuniororiginal2
Parodon guyanensis Géry, 1960
acceptedseniororiginal2
Apareiodon guyanensis (Géry, 1960)
synonymseniornew
! Parodon guianensis Géry, 1960
synonymseniororiginal
Parodon moreirai Ingenito & Buckup, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parodon alfonsoi Londoño-Burbano, Román-Valencia & Taphorn, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parodon atratoensis Londoño-Burbano, Román-Valencia & Taphorn, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parodon magdalenensis Londoño-Burbano, Román-Valencia & Taphorn, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal2
Saccodon wagneri Kner, 1863
acceptedseniororiginal2
Saccodon cranocephalum Thominot, 1882
synonymjuniororiginal2
Parodon ecuadoriensis Eigenmann & Henn, 1914
synonymjuniororiginal2
Saccodon dariensis (Meek & Hildebrand, 1913)
acceptedseniornew
Parodon dariensis Meek & Hildebrand, 1913
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Saccodon caucae Schultz & Miles, 1943
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Saccodon terminalis (Eigenmann & Henn, 1914)
acceptedseniornew
Parodon terminalis Eigenmann & Henn, 1914
synonymseniororiginal2
Apareiodon piracicabae (Eigenmann, 1907)
acceptedseniornew
Parodon piracicabae Eigenmann, 1907
synonymseniororiginal2
! Apareiodon piracicaba (Eigenmann, 1907)
synonymseniornew
Apareiodon affinis (Steindachner, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
Parodon affinis Steindachner, 1879
synonymseniororiginal2
Parodon paraguayensis Eigenmann, 1907
synonymjuniororiginal2
Apareiodon paraguayensis (Eigenmann, 1907)
synonymjuniornew
Apareiodon hasemani Eigenmann, 1916
acceptedseniororiginal2
Apareiodon itapicuruensis Eigenmann & Henn, 1916
acceptedseniororiginal2
Apareiodon davisi Fowler, 1941
acceptedseniororiginal2
Apareiodon ibitiensis Amaral Campos, 1944
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Apareiodon machrisi Travassos, 1957
acceptedseniororiginal2
Apareiodon vittatus Garavello, 1977
acceptedseniororiginal2
Apareiodon gransabana Starnes & Schindler, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parodon gransabana (Starnes & Schindler, 1993)
synonymseniornew
Apareiodon orinocensis Bonilla, Machado-Allison, Silvera, Chernoff, López & Lasso, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal3
Apareiodon argenteus Pavanelli & Britski, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal2
Apareiodon cavalcante Pavanelli & Britski, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal2
Apareiodon tigrinus Pavanelli & Britski, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal2
Apareiodon vladii Pavanelli, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal2
Apareiodon agmatos Taphorn, López-Fernández & Bernard, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal2
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