Family Gasterosteidae - Sticklebacks and tubesnouts
  Order
:
Gasterosteidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 5 | Species : 18 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Peripheral/diadromous
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Tertiary     Miocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: Northern Hemisphere. Body may be elongate, naked or with bony scutes along the sides. Three to sixteen well-developed isolated dorsal spines preceed a normal dorsal fin having 6-14 rays; caudal fin rays 12-13; a single spine and 1-2 soft rays in the pelvic fin; three branchiostegal rays; circumorbital ring incomplete posteriorly; epineurals present; vertebrae 28-42. About 18 cm maximum length reached in Spinachia spinachia. Sticklebacks have been widely used in scientific studies. Several subspecies are recognized by authors and the family is in need of revision.
  Etymology
:
Greek, gaster = stomach + Greek, osteon = bone ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
guarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Acanthopterygii | Percomorphaceae | Eupercaria | | | Perciformes | Cottoidei | Gasterosteales | Gasterosteidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Gasterosteidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniorchange in rank
Leiurus aculeatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Gasterosteus teraculeatus Lacep├Ęde, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in rank
synonymjuniororiginal
Gasterosteus niger Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in rank
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in rank
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Gasterosteus dimidiatus Reinhardt, 1837
synonymjuniororiginal
Gasterosteus loricatus Reinhardt, 1837
synonymotheroriginal
Gasterosteus biarmatus Krynicki, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal
Gasterosteus ponticus Nordmann, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in rank
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
! Gasterosteus Dekayi Ayres, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Gasterosteus insculptus Richardson, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Gasterosteus neustrianus Blanchard, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Gasterosteus elegans Blanchard, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal
Gasterosteus bailloni Blanchard, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal
Gasterosteus texanus Sauvage, 1874
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in rank
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in rank
synonymotheroriginal
misappliedmisappliedchange in rank
Gasterosteus microcephalus (non Girard, 1854)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Gasterosteus islandicus (non Sauvage, 1874)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Gasterosteus crenobiontus B?cescu & Mayer, 1956
acceptedseniorchange in rank
! Gasterosteus aculeatus crenobionta B?cescu & Mayer, 1956
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
Gasterosteus nipponicus Higuchi, Sakai & Goto, 2014
acceptedseniororiginal
Spinachia spinachia (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus spinachia Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Spinachia vulgaris Fleming, 1828
synonymjuniororiginal
Apeltes quadracus (Mitchill, 1815)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus quadracus Mitchill, 1815
synonymseniororiginal
Pungitius pungitius (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus pungitius Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Gasteracanthus pungitius (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Pygosteus pungitius (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Gasterosteus concinnus Richardson, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Gasterosteus dekayi Agassiz, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
ambiguousotheroriginal
ambiguousotheroriginal
ambiguousotheroriginal
Gasterosteus burgundianus (non Blanchard, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pungitius laevis (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus laevis Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal
Gasterosteus vulgaris Mauduyt, 1848
synonymjuniororiginal
Gasterosteus lotharingus Blanchard, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal
Gasterosteus breviceps Blanchard, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
ambiguousotheroriginal
Pungitius platygaster (Kessler, 1859)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in species
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in species
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Pungitius sinensis (Guichenot, 1869)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus sinensis Guichenot, 1869
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Pungitius sinensis sinensis (Guichenot, 1869)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Pygosteus sinensis (Guichenot, 1869)
synonymseniornew
Pygosteus kaibarae Tanaka, 1915
synonymjuniororiginal
Pungitius kaibarae (Tanaka, 1915)
synonymjuniornew
synonymseniornew
Gasterosteus bussei (non Warpachowski, 1888)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pungitius stenurus (Kessler, 1876)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus stenurus Kessler, 1876
synonymseniororiginal
Pungitius bussei (Warpachowski, 1888)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus bussei Warpachowski, 1888
synonymseniororiginal
Pungitius tymensis (Nikolskii, 1889)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus tymensis Nikolskii, 1889
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Pungitius hellenicus Stephanidis, 1971
acceptedseniororiginal
Pungitius polyakovi Shedko, Shedko & Pietsch, 2005
acceptedseniororiginal
Culaea inconstans (Kirtland, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Eucalia inconstans (Kirtland, 1840)
synonymseniornew
Gasterosteus pygmaeus Agassiz, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
Eucalia pygmaea (Agassiz, 1850)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Gasterosteus globiceps (non Sauvage, 1874)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
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